Step 4: Subtract the length of a single stair from the overall length of the last frame. This will provide plenty of strength and stability while not going overboard. Step 8: It is now time to install the decking boards. You will have a top and bottom (front and back) plate with bracing in between. Pressure-treated boards are the most cost-effective decking boards. Each situation is somewhat unique so make sure you fully think through the details before building. For example, let’s say we’re building 4 steps that are each 10” long. Build a second tread that sits on top of the bottom tread. Our decking boards will be 5” wide. Our frame will be 40” deep, but we need to subtract 3” (the thickness of two 2X6s) from this length for our bracer boards. Step 1: Determine the overall length and width of the first step frame. For extra support, you can also add 3-1/2″ screws at the joints. The house deck is an ingenious way of extending the house, and inexpensive when compared to the cost of an addition. This is not necessary, but it will look cleaner and will save you from having to make extra cuts down the long side of the boards! Use strap ties to connect the individual stair box frames together and secure the stairs to the deck frame using bolts. Yard. To avoid cutting your decking boards length-wise, it is recommended that you choose to build your steps to a depth that will allow you to install whole deck boards. Total Rise. Step1. Cut only the top and bottom … Next, you will need decking boards to floor the top of your steps. Select planks of wood with your specified measurements. You may have to shim each layer to get the correct rise, but it’s still simpler than cutting a bunch of notched stringers. Alternatively, you could stack the frames on top of each other so that all of the backs line up. This article will explain how to build deck steps without stringers. Cascading stairs will require using a large number of short stair stringers spaced at 16" on center. When building box steps with inside corners, frame one side of the corner as if it were stand alone. Once you have your first tread constructed--based on the high and width requirements of your deck--build the second tread that will sit on top of the first tread. Before you start to pick out materials for your steps, you’ll need to know a little about stair sizing. Subtract 3” to get a total length of 27” for the bracers. List box & a Combobox is similar but have slightly different controls, to let users make multiple choices of items or to enter their own value in a list. 2″ screws are the minimum. In the example, you will need a piece of lumber that will cover the top of … Screw them to each other. To create a cascading list box, you must insert two list boxes in your form template. If the drop requires more than about five steps, you may want to use a conventional staircase. If you don’t plan to make the top step level with the area where the stairs begin, be sure to account for this gap in your measurement. Remember that cascading or wrap around stairs are designed to flare out and increase in size towards the ground. Nov 25, 2016 - Learn key features and techniques for building first-class decks, including planters, shading ideas, stairs, durable materials, privacy screens, curved rail Stack boxes for wrap-around steps. If your shortest step is 10” long, then your longest can be no longer than 10⅜” long. This will only be needed for a few years, then will be removed. 16” spacing is the standard spacing for the bracing when building your step frames. Each step will be 10” shorter than the step it sits on. For instance, if you’re using 5” wide decking boards, you may opt for 10” long steps. They do not last as long as composite boards but are available in different stains and styles. We recommend installing frost footings for box stairs that will land on the ground. Building box steps for a deck is not as hard as making the deck itself. This spacing will be appropriate for most applications and is recommended. Do the angles present a situation that will allow this style of stairs? For those thinking of adding a step, I hope my tips help you avoid some mistakes! For help, simply click on the(?) Measure twice, cut once. 179. This spacing could also be used if you just wanted to build your deck to extra sturdy standards. Now we can use our measurements to figure out the dimension of each step frame. This is also called the total rise. The staircase can then be attached to the deck as one unit, using screws or bolts. Box steps like we will be discussing are simple, robust, and they do not use stringers. Use Content Types. This would mean we have a 40” total length for our bottom step frame. Each higher box in the stack will be less deep than the one it sits on. Lay out the frame and fasten bracing boards between the long boards on each end. You have now completed building your deck steps with no stringers! A traditional staircase built with stringers can be less than optimal for very wide stairs. Building box steps for a deck is not as hard as making the deck itself. Because our stairs have a 10” depth, we will be installing two boards on each step that will run the entire 48” width. They are available everywhere and are easy to work with. You could nail/screw through the back of each box frame and directly into the deck. However, tall cascading steps can begin to look awkward and present a tripping hazard. In this example, our bottom frame was 40” long and we are using a 10” stair length. Eugene has been a DIY enthusiast for most of his life and loves being creative while inspiring creativity in others. This bracing can be spaced at 12”, 16” or 24” intervals. Stack it on top of the previous frame so that the backs (the deck side of the staircase) are flush. Using a spacing of 16”, this frame will require 4 total bracers. Make sure the ground is level along the entire base of the stairs at grade. Build the first tread to to cover the entire area right up to the edge of the deck. Step 3: Make some room above the gallery on the first screen and add a Dropdown Control (Insert>Controls>Dropdown), I named mine "ddSelectType". Blocking is usually necessary to support the decking below angled corners. Add blocking and Fasteners as if this stair were complete. Hi Tony, I need to build a single step, approximately 6 ft wide and 2 ft deep, that will butt against our patio step to make the tall patio step easier to manage. ... then the next step is to add the decking of the stairs on top of the frame. After attaching each frame in place, you would then add the next on top and repeat the process. This means that our bottom box will take three 8’ 2X6s to build. Check the tutorial video below to … Attach the top of the step. Alternatively, you could use 3-½” screws to assemble the frames. The nail gun sets the nails deeper and avoids splitting the wood while also saving you time and fingers. Stairs Calculator. To save lumber, it is suggested that you use the long sides as the front and back when constructing your step frames. Even though we have based the calculations on the IRC, you must always check with local building codes to ensure there are no variances. Finally, you will need fasteners to attach the framing together, and different fasteners to attach the decking boards to the framing. Building code does have a few requirements that will need to be met. Copyright © 2021 Trex Company, Inc. All rights reserved. This will be measured from the front edge of the step to the back, in the direction that you walk. Cut the sides of the boxes and fill in the interior with blocking every 16" on center for wood decks and 12" on center for composite decks. First, you will need lumber to build the box frames. The easiest way to build the box stairs is to first build the bottom box (or the first tread). . Now you will only have to cut the boards down to proper length. Screws and/or nails will be run through these boards and into each of the step frames. Hardwoods are more expensive and may be more difficult to find. However, for the best strength and hold it is recommended that 3” screws are used instead. Lawn And Garden. This will usually be the same material that tops the deck. For our example, we will be building steps that are 4’ wide with 16” spacing for our bracer boards. The galvanized nails will resist rust and corrosion. even a simple mistake takes hours to resolve). Cut down three 2X6 boards to the height of the stack of step frames. For building the frames, your best choice of lumber is going to be 2X6’s. Finally, you will need fasteners to attach the framing together, and different fasteners to attach the decking boards to the framing. Since the stairs will come in contact with the ground, you must use pressure-treated lumber to avoid rot and insects. Saved by David Arntz. The bottom box will extend the entire length of the staircase. For this example 48” will be the length of our long sides. Continue to layer your treads in this manner for the remaining box steps. Cascading staircase. There are three main materials that you will need to build box steps for your deck. For assembling your step frames it is recommended that you use 16d galvanized nails from a nail gun. The box for each step will be constructed similar to a 2X6 wall. One common method of building stairs involves cutting stringers, upon which the stairs will be mounted. 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