Because he is the first to record observations on marine life, Aristotle is often referred to as the father of marine biology. Aristotle is the earliest natural historian whose work has survived in some detail. Alchemists believed a small amount of Aristotle’s quintessence had drifted down to Earth and if they could harness its properties they could cure diseases with it. Many of the records of Aristotle’s views on art and poetry, much like many other documents of his philosophical and literary works, were composed around 330 BC. In Aristotle’s view, this very pursuit pointed to the fact that “man is a political animal.”. The highlights of his Meteorologica treatise are his accounts of water evaporation, earthquakes, and other common weather phenomena. His followers called him IIIe Philosophus (The Philosopher), or “the master of them that know,” and many accepted every word of his writings, or at least every word that did not contradict the Bible as eternal truth. These premises always have a common or middle term to associate them, but this binding term is absent in the conclusion. Most of these exist and survive to this day because they were duly noted down and preserved by his pupils during his lectures. The Ancient Greeks studied the moon, the stars, and the planets. Aristotle Biography: When we talk about Philosophy, the first name that comes into our mind is that of Aristotle (384 BC- 322 BC) who followed a comprehensive system of ideas about human nature and the nature of the reality we live in. He described the embryological development of a chick, and distinguished whales and dolphins from fish, plus he also noticed that some sharks give birth to live young. According to Aristotle, a good tragedy should involve the audience and make them feel katharsis (a sense of purification through pity and fear). Timeline Search. Aristotle and Biology. In a rather self-contradicting way (at least the initial interpreters found it to be so), he defined the motion of anything as the actuality of a potentiality. 348 BCE), who himself had been a student of Socrates (c. 470–399 BCE). The 30 that survive touch on a huge range of philosophical problems, from biology and physics to morals to aesthetics to politics. Perhaps a more synonymous term to attach to Aristotle’s interpretation would be “physis” or simply the study of nature. The route of conventional philosophy is highly influenced by different aspects of Aristotelian ideologies including his view on philosophical methodology, epistemology, metaphysics, aesthetics, ethics, and many more. He embraced Empedocles’ view on the make-up of the universe that everything was created from different compositions of the four fundamental elements: earth, water, air, and fire. He truly earns the honor of being called the First Teacher. He spent two years studying marine biology on Lesbos. The word “politics” is derived from the Greek word polis which in ancient Greece simply represented any city state. Aristotle Biography: When we talk about Philosophy, the first name that comes into our mind is that of Aristotle (384 BC- 322 BC) who followed a comprehensive system of ideas about human nature and the nature of the reality we live in. His areas of interest and contribution. Though Aristotle wrote many elegant treatises and dialogues, it is thought that the majority of his writings are now lost and only about one-third of the original works have endure but whatever has lasted is still a source of inspiration for the learners and will continue to be. His discoveries laid the foundation for modern physics and astronomy. The modern day study of marine biology began with the exploration by Captain James Cook (1728-1779) in 18th century Britain. So why are we so sure of what we “know”? He made drawings of different animal parts and tried to determine the function of different organs. After Alexander’s death, Athens revolted against Macedonian rule, and Aristotle’s political situation became unstable. Aristotle’s insight into poetics primarily revolves around drama. He was the first to try and classify different types of animals into different groups. A 1597 map of Lesbos / Mytilene, Greece by Giacomo Franco. Find below a synopsis of Aristotle’s inventions: 1. Aristotle is also known as the Father of Zoology. This article is more than 6 years old.. How Aristotle invented science. To delve further into the details of his achievements, here is a list of the top 10 contributions of Aristotle: Syllogism is a certain form of reasoning where a conclusion is made based on two premises. Perhaps it was because of his unyielding fascination for nature, logic, and reason that he went on to make some pivotal contributions that are still reflected in modern-day mathematics, metaphysics, physics, biology, botany, politics, medicine, and many more. Being a citizen of a polis was essential for a person to lead a good-quality life. If he had lived in the 1700’s or 1800’s he would have had the advantage of the telescope and other scientific inventions, and then he would have uncovered more truths about nature. 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Aristotelianism represents the philosophical tradition that takes its roots from the various works of Aristotle in philosophy. His philosophical works were first rehearsed and defended by members of the Peripatetic school. Though a bright pupil, Aristotle opposed some of Plato’s teachings, and when Plato died, Aristotle was not appointed head of the Academy. Although some of his theories were right and some were wrong, he knew that the truth could only be obtained through inquiry. Aristotle studied and made significant contributions to logic, metaphysics, mathematics, physics, biology, botany, ethics, … This process of logical deduction was invented by Aristotle, and perhaps lies at the heart of all his famous achievements. The idea that nature does nothing in vain can be found in many texts by Aristotle: De Caelo 271a 33, 291b 13-14; De Anima 432b 21, 434a 41; P.A. These distinctions correspond closely to our distinction between vertebrates and invertebrates. He believed that nature’s principles can be discovered with careful observation and reasoning within the nature itself. Upon the death of Greater Leke in 323 BC the Macedonian kingdom was ruled by the Macedonian general Casandri, who also owned Thessaly, Ellada (southern part of the Balkans). Save … But fewer people know that he was also a great scientist -- and the first one. Therefore to keep away from being put to death, he fled to the island of Euboea, where he died soon after. For example, the confidence one bears in the face of fear and defeat stacks up as courage, the ability to resist the temptations of physical pleasures stand out as a person’s temperance, liberality and magnificence speak of the volumes of wealth one can give away for the welfare of others, and any ambition can never be truly magnanimous unless it attains an impeccable balance between the honor it promises and the dues it pays. Aristotle became a teacher in a school on the coast of Asia Minor. 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