The Thirty Years' War lasted from 1618 to 1648 in Europe, and was one of the most destructive wars in European history, claiming around eight million lives in total.In some places half the pre-war population died and the war thoroughly influenced the Baroque Era which had prevalent themes of "vanitas" or the ultimate death and decay of all earthly things. In 1625, he intervened in Northern Germany but withdrew in 1629 after a series of defeats. The war originated in differences between German Protestants and Catholics, which were temporarily settled by the 1555 Peace of Augsburg but was gradually undermined by political and religious tensions. In this strategy game, players will take control of one of the opposing sides, Protestants or Catholics, and fight for the control of the Empire. Eventually, more than 200 states, great and small, participated in the Thirty Years’ War. [35] Gabriel Bethlen, Calvinist Prince of Transylvania, invaded Hungary with Ottoman support, although the Habsburgs persuaded them to avoid direct involvement, helped by the outbreak of hostilities with Poland in 1620, followed by the 1623 to 1639 war with Persia. [31], Ferdinand reconfirmed Protestant religious freedoms when elected king of Bohemia in May 1617, but his record in Styria led to the suspicion he was only awaiting a chance to overturn them. asked the tavern drinkers in Goethe’s Faust—and the answer is no easier to find today than in the late 18th, or early 17th, century. An overland route connecting Habsburg possessions in Italy to Flanders, it allowed him to move troops and supplies by road, rather than sea where the Dutch navy held the advantage. The Thirty years' War in the Movies by Burgwaechterchen | created - 27 Nov 2010 | updated - 17 Apr 2017 | Public No Ranking,just listing..If the film is not directly connected to the 30 year's war,I at least try to concentrate on the times of the early 17th century. The conflict can be split into two main parts. 1 The Prague Defenestration 2 The Battle of White Mountain 3 The Danish War 4 The Swedish War 5 The Franco-Swedish Phase This war's roots go back to the Reformation and the spread of … [80], After Wittstock, the Swedish army regained the initiative in Germany; at Second Breitenfeld in October 1642, Swedish commander Lennart Torstenson defeated an Imperial army led by Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria and Ottavio Piccolomini. Almost four centuries on, the Thirty Years’ War teaches us how protracted conflict can bring about famine and spell disaster for … Updates? This year marks the centenary of the end of the First World War, but that’s not the only major commemoration on our current calendars. In May 1625, the Lower Saxony kreis elected Christian their military commander, although not without resistance; Saxony and Brandenburg viewed Denmark and Sweden as competitors, and wanted to avoid either becoming involved in the Empire. In the October 1619 Treaty of Munich, Ferdinand agreed to transfer the Palatinate's electoral vote to Bavaria and allow him to annex the Upper Palatinate. Wars over the years have changed dramatically, and American involvement in them has varied as well. The war grew ever more muddled with the Dutch-Spanish war folded in as well. Under the December 1625 Treaty of The Hague, the Dutch and English now agreed to finance Danish intervention in the Empire. Their attribution by some to supernatural causes led to a series of Witch-hunts, beginning in Franconia in 1626 and quickly spreading to other parts of Germany, which were often exploited for political purposes. The member states of the Holy Roman Empire were granted full sovereignty. Eventually, however, it came to involve political control and territory as well. – Also known as the War of the Triple Alliance Ten Years' War: 241,000+ 1868–1878 Spain vs. Cuba Cuba – Also known as the Great War Conquest of the Desert: 30,000–35,000 1870s–1884 Argentina vs. Mapuche people Patagonia Aceh War: 97,000–107,000 1873–1914 Kingdom of the Netherlands vs. Aceh Sultanate Indonesia "into line with army of Gabriel Bethlen in 1620". The war grew ever more muddled with the Dutch-Spanish war folded in as well. [112], In 1940, agrarian historian Günther Franz published Der Dreissigjährige Krieg und das Deutsche Volk, a detailed analysis of regional data from across Germany; his membership of the Nazi Party meant his objectivity was challenged post-1945, but recent reviews support his general findings. Thirty Years War is a new game designed by developer HQ covering one of the darkest ages of European history. [32], Thurn established a new government, and the conflict expanded into Silesia and the Habsburg heartlands of Lower and Upper Austria, where much of the nobility was also Protestant. This resulted in the treaties of Münster and Osnabrück, making peace with France and Sweden respectively. The treaty confirmed Dutch independence, although the Imperial Diet did not formally accept that it was no longer part of the Empire until 1728. [121], Elsewhere, persecution followed Imperial military success, expanding into Baden and the Palatinate following their reconquest by Tilly, then into the Rhineland. The Thirty Years' War lasted from 1618 to 1648 in Europe, and was one of the most destructive wars in European history, claiming around eight million lives in total.In some places half the pre-war population died and the war thoroughly influenced the Baroque Era which had prevalent themes of "vanitas" or the ultimate death and decay of all earthly things. There were wide regional variations; in the Duchy of Württemberg, the number of inhabitants fell by nearly 60%. From 1618 to 1648 a series of conflicts engulfed much of Europe. This year marks the centenary of the end of the First World War, but that’s not the only major commemoration on our current calendars. [114], The financial impact is less clear; while the war caused short-term economic dislocation, overall it accelerated existing changes in trading patterns. [36], On 19 August, the Bohemian Estates rescinded Ferdinand's 1617 election as king, and on 26th, formally offered the crown to Frederick instead; two days later, Ferdinand was elected Emperor, making war inevitable if Frederick accepted. This was due to the influx of soldiers from foreign countries, the shifting locations of battle fronts, as well as the displacement of rural populations and migration into already crowded cities. The political disintegration of the Polish commonwealth led to the 1655 to 1660 Second Northern War with Sweden, which also involved Denmark, Russia and Brandenburg, while two Swedish attempts to impose its control on the port of Bremen failed in 1654 and 1666. Thirty Years’ War, (1618–48), in European history, a series of wars fought by various nations for various reasons, including religious, dynastic, territorial, and commercial rivalries. Emperor Rudolf approved intervention by the Catholic Maximilian of Bavaria on their behalf; he was allowed to annex Donauwörth to recover his costs, turning a Lutheran town Catholic. This threatened other Protestant rulers within the Empire, including Christian IV of Denmark, who was also Duke of Holstein. "Thirty Years War" recreates this conflict with the award winning wargame system used in GMT's Wilderness War, Paths of Glory, and For the People. The Thirty Years' War was a major conflict that occurred in Europe from1618 to1648. [43], At a meeting of the Imperial Diet in February 1623, Ferdinand forced through provisions transferring Frederick's titles, lands and electoral vote to Maximilian. [98], Taken as a whole, the consequences of these two treaties can be divided into the internal political settlement and external territorial changes. Had a prominent role to play RELEASED [ 78 ], with Swedish-occupied Stralsund a... 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