It takes approximately a year for the Siberian musk deer to reach maturity with an average deer living 10 – 14 years. The adult male has a gland under the abdominal skin that secretes musk. Achievements in the Life Sciences, 8(1), 65–71. Lion (Panthera leo persica) is an important protected animal in wildlife of India. Ancistrodon himalayanus) (common) and Boulenger's keelback (Hebius parallelum). During periods of winter, musk deer can survive in even poorer food quality ranging in foods that are low in proteins but are high in energy and can be easily digested.[6]. [4] New sightings of musk deer was later spotted in the upper northeast Asia and Russia; these spotted places soon opened their own musk market. Their small shape allows them to hide from predators through tiny openings in the rocky terrain and also allow them to run exceptionally fast from their predators. A distinct subspecies roams the island of Sakhalin. Few of the endangered species included marmot, snow leopard, markhor, ibex, blue sheep, brown bear, musk deer and snow wolf. The musk deers are also protected under the National Parks which accounts for approximately 13% of the Siberian Musk Deer population. Watch. Musk deer farms have been established in China, India and Nepal. Musk deer (Moschus moschiferus): Reinvestigation of main lipid components from preputial gland secretion. Kaziranga - Musk deer. Its alternate name comes from its primary purpose of protecting the endangered Himalayan musk deer. [1][2][14] The animal is protected under the "Threatened Deer Programme" of the IUCN, with cooperation by the Government of India and World Wide Fund for Nature . National Highway NH 58 from Delhi passes through Chamoli via Meerut, Muzaffarnagar, Roorkee, Haridwar, Rishikesh, Devprayag, Srinagar, Rudraprayag, Okhimath; and by state highway to Chopta. It is hunted for its musk gland, which fetches prices as high as $45,000 per kilogram. [2][3] Lakes, waterfall and high-rise mountain peaks abound in this forest belt, as do a number of old Hindu pilgrimage sites - Madhyamaheshwar, Tungnath, Rudranath, Kedarnath, Triyuginarayan and Kalpeshwar all are located within or on the periphery of the sanctuary. The sanctuary is geographically situated in the Chamoli and Rudraprayag districts of Uttarakhand. The rocky location provides crevices and crags for the musk deer to hide from many predators, such as lynx and wolverines. Research program of musk deer ecology in the Sikhote-Alin region. [2], A typical temperate to sub-arctic climate prevails in the locale of the sanctuary. V. E. Sokolov, M. Z. Kagan, V. S. Vasilieva, V. I. Prihodko and E. P. Zinkevich, Journal of Chemical Ecology, January 1987, Volume 13, Issue 1, pages 71-83. The white-bellied musk deer is protected by law in Bhutan, Nepal, and India. Rishikesh is the nearest rail head at a distance of 212 km (132 mi) from Chopta. It is largely nocturnal, and migrates only over short distances. Siberian Musk deer have a preference for easily digestible nutritious foods. [3] The musk deers are also protected under the National Parks which accounts for approximately 13% of the Siberian Musk Deer population. This high value of precipitation is due to the fact that the hill ranges to the south, of about 3,000 m (9,800 ft) height, are open without much of rain-shadow effect. Known as ‘The Green Paradise of India’, Askot Musk Deer Sanctuary is secured amidst the snow capped peak in the majestic Kumaon Himalayas at a range of 5412 feet. [4], Musk will mark their territory warning trespassing deers not to cross the boundary. The Himalayan musk deer ... there is an urgent need to give this species total protection in national parks and wildlife reserves in order to preserve genetic diversity and maintain essential ecological processes and life support systems. The management of wildlife sanctuary focuses mainly on wildlife habitat improvement, grazing regulation, forest protection and conservation. Deforestation is a severe threat to the musk deer's long term survival because the deer can only live in a few areas. Wild Russia. Muskauer Park/Park Mużakowski – an outstanding example of a European park, a crafted ideal landscape, and a new approach to designing greenery in urbanized spaces – was included in the world heritage list according to the convention concerning the protection of the world cultural and natural heritage on July 2, 2004. It has large ears, a very short tail, no antlers, and the male has long upper canine teeth that project downward from the mouth as tusks. 6.5.1. Most notably in the Sichuan plains, the musk production was accounted for 80% of the domestic trade in the 1950s. Aconitum balfourii, Angelica glauca, Arnebia benthamii, Artemisia maritima, Bergenia stracheyi, and Dactylorhiza hatagirea are among the threatened medicinal plant species of the sanctuary. The South West summer monsoon rains recorded is the mean annual precipitation of 3,093 mm (122 in). [6][10] It is host to temperate forests in the middle altitudes; higher elevations are dotted by coniferous, sub-alpine and alpine forests, and further up by alpine grasslands and high-altitude Bugyals. [3], Siberia, North Mongolia, Russia, North China and Korea - M. m. moschiferus. The sanctuary has a large number of Hindu temples located within its precincts. It is expected that the population will be reduced to at least 30% over the next three generations. Some of them are Annapurna Conservation Area , Sagarmatha National Park , Langtang National Park , Kanchanjunga Conservation Area , and others. National park authorities said they have been patrolling the park, but the site where the traps were laid was in a deep and inaccessible part of the gorge. New Delhi: There is only one musk deer alive in the zoos across India.The detail furnished by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and climate change (MoECC) in response to an RTI query shows that the sole surviving deer is in the Himalayan Nature Park, Kufri. [4][5] IUCN has reported that "From 44.4% to 48.8% of the sanctuary is forested, 7.7% comprises alpine meadows and scrub, 42.1% is rocky or under permanent snow and 1.5% represents formerly forested areas that have been degraded. When marking their territories, musk deer gather fallen branches, tree trunks, as well as plant stems and place them in a circle. 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