This is why the greatest sages of history have said that only in silence can the Truth be known. This further transforms the Western culture into one interested in and governed by exact sequences, calendars, clocks, and histories. From this, Whorf dove deeply into the way in which the cyclicity of time relates explicitly to these plurals. After his study comparing *Standard Average European languages to the language of the Hopi people and drawing heavily from his mentor Edward Sapir, Whorf developed his principle of Linguistic Relativity: the belief that language can influence culture, psychology, or general viewpoints. Language is central to our experience of being human, and the languages we speak profoundly shape the way we think, the way we see the world, the way we live our lives. Doc.Daneeka Badges: 12. As cognitive scientist and professor, Lera Boroditsky brings up in her UCTVSeminar talk, language shifts reality in the domain of space and navigation as well as in time. "Language is capable of transcending the reality of everyday life altogether. We’re blind to it. Language also plays an important role in the analysis of integration of everyday reality. As the philosopher William H. Gass once said, “The true alchemists do not change lead into gold; they change the world into words.” Or so they try. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. Their language does not refer to objects as right or left, but more as the “north-east” and “south-western”. We might even see it burning in fiery glory. Social Construction of Reality Social Construction of Reality The social construction of reality is the procedure in historical and societal perspective that entails human beings giving meaning to the world through cultural interaction. Is language something we have or something learned • Language is rule-governed • Core dimensions of language systems o Syntax: the way words combine to creates sentences o Semantics: the meanings of words and symbols (the meanings we assign to them; iceberg) 40 Put simply, we can see ten men in front of our very eyes, whereas there is no physical and immediate manifestation of ten days we can experience. Language can construct our realities in seemingly smaller ways as well. To find out how Language Services Associates can support your language needs, please call 1-800-305-9673 or visit our contact page. Eyak doesn’t give a damn about tenses. Philip Perry Knowledge of these things can only be obtained by experience… Could you gaze into heaven five minutes, you would know more than you would by reading all that ever was written on the subject.”. By watching their own … In the English language, independent entities (subjects and objects) are primary, rather than processes or relationships. If w… As the philosopher and writer William H. Gass once said, “The true alchemists do not change lead into gold; they change the world into words.” Or so they try. Language can play a big role in how we and others perceive the world, and linguists work to discover what words and phrases can influence us, unknowingly. Language is not about being aware of the world, or about distinguishing the true from the false, or even about argument in the traditional sense of validity, soundness, and probability. His work was nothing short of revolutionary. The role of language in society is investigated from the theoretical framework of the sociology of knowledge. No, we are usually blind to that. Does an English speaker perceive reality differently from say, a Swahili speaker? Some examples of social constructs are countries and money. Without that agreement, there could be no countries. If we place the tenants of gender upon one item, we fluidly change the way in which we classify or describe it. In each of these instances, it should be noted, language provides the medium for the construction of social reality and the maintenance of cultural values (Berger & Luckmann 1966). That’s not true in every language. Reality is alien to us. Money also would not exist without human interaction. The structures that exist in our languages profoundly shape how we construct reality.” To read the complete blog post, please click here. The things we value are valued precisely because we assume them to be as inevitable as the sun setting, or as a spider spinning it’s web. *Standard Average European (SAE) is a concept introduced by Benjamin Whorf to unify the modern Indo-European languages of Europe by their shared similarities, such as syntax, grammar, and vocabulary and its use. However, when Spanish speakers were asked to describe a bridge, the words were more masculine-centric, such as “strong”, “long”, or “stable”. And if you know the words that the world is made of, you can make of it whatever you wish.” Deepak Chopra also has said, “Language creates reality.” Noam Chomsky has said, “The structure of language determines not only thought, but reality itself.” Desmond Tutu has said, “Language does not just describe reality. The influence of language on how we think and perceive aspects of reality is so great that it can fundamentally alter our perception of the dimension we call time. They Fred themselves asking questions about the status of … We think reality into existence through linguistic construction in real-time.” Terence McKenna says, “the world is made of words. advertisement. Without having given it too much thought, my initial response is yes, language does shape reality. In fact, using these terms has even lead to certain language speakers being able to stay physically oriented on a cardinal scale, in a way previously considered biologically impossible for human beings to do. Deepak Chopra also has said, “Language creates reality.” Noam Chomsky has said, “The structure of language determines not only thought, but reality itself.” Desmond Tutu has said, “Language does not just describe reality. We see four letters and walk casually on by. This, however, is not universally the case. Or a conscious strategy? The role of language in society is investigated from the theoretical framework of the sociology of knowledge. Language often constructs our perception of reality. This means that time, for instance, does not become later and later in a unified way. And this can be exceptionally useful in innumerable ways. For instance, using plurals such as “ten men” references a group of objects that can be objectively perceived and experienced at once. Even physical laws are part social construction and have a shared conceptual framework. Strong social constructionism, on the other hand, states that the whole of reality is dependent on language and social habits, that all knowledge is a social construct, and that there are no brute facts. Week 3- The power of frames: How people construct their reality In this third week, we will examine how framing can contribute to unethical decision making. Habits crafted aeons ago for convenience’s sake. If aliens came to Earth and thought a . There is also the question of how social metrics correspond to reality. By using a language system which excludes imaginary plurals, the perception of time shifts from being cyclical, repetitive, and inherently nominal, into a version of time that contains a much larger focus on the present moment, as imagining something happening in 10 days is not customary within the Hopi language. If we seek to find God or Reality through language, we’ll never find it. If you yourself are from a culturally Western country, consider how often you refer to time, deadlines, or even measure out your existence temporally as opposed to sensorily or cardinally. Week 3- The power of frames: How people construct their reality . This goes to the extent to which time has become “objectified”. But language is not reality itself. But why does this matter? Embedded in the realist, positivist and some (but not all) social sciences is the idea that language merely reflects an objective reality. And this is beyond all language, and cannot ever be encoded into language, any language, for reality transcends the realm of linguistics. TIME It may seem that the idea of “time” for all is the same but it turns out that it’s not that simple. After having introduced you to the concept of framing in general, we will use it to interpret the Enron scandal. Reality is translinguistic. The Hopi people do not objectify time constraints and give them the weight of nominal consideration. According to a raft of new research (and this great article in the WSJ), the answer is yes, profoundly. The structures that exist in our languages profoundly shape how we construct reality." Source: Link. Another example would be really great :-) In light of recent research, it's becoming increasingly clear that each language significantly shapes the cognition of its speakers. For example, the focus on keeping records, bookkeeping, accounting, and diaries. Language may not determine thought, but it focuses perception and attention on particular aspects of reality, structures and thereby enhances cognitive processes, and even to … To us, time and exact sequences seem as inevitable and as prevalent as gravity. But do they shape the way we think? We made DNA into words, into letters. The Social Construction of Reality by Peter Berger and Thomas Luckmann presents a striking thesis stating that everyday reality is socially constructed by human interaction. BY Ransom Riggs. ... Abstract. Language links up commonsense knowledge with finite provinces of meaning, thus enabling people, for example, to interpret dreams through understandings relevant in the daytime. In truth, these natural social processes are not natural at all. o The Gene movie. You can clarify the direction ‘left’ as being your left or theirs, for instance. Reality is alien to us. Author links open overlay panel Robert N. St. Clair. In this case however, the language is paint: just as we expect language to represent what is happening, we expect realistic paintings to be a mirror of reality. One of the most open-ended and hotly contested questions for and between linguists, sociologists, historians, scientists, and anthropologists alike is: Does language construct our individual reality? This distinction calls in its own host of gender-related socially constructed systems, but in particular, highlights how, while to you or me, a bridge is a bridge is a bridge, it’s very characteristics can transform in the eyes of different language speakers, even if it’s appearance has remained stagnant. Society is based on the social construction of reality. Giulio Bortolozzo. Each participant was tested in two separate sittings, each time facing in a different cardinal direction. Yet the way in which we structure these plurals does not fluctuate depending on these differences. As Whorf puts it, concepts of time lose contact with the subjective experience of “becoming later” and are “objectified in quantities”. To use an individual’s name in a sentence makes them feel good, knowing how to say “hello, my name is __” in multiple languages is an impressive party trick, saying “I feel that you were rude” instead of “you were rude” can squash potential conflict and harbour peaceful communication, and saying “fuck you” can incite a riot. T here are around 7,000 human languages spoken across the globe, all with unique sounds, vocabularies, and structures. In Standard Average European, there are innate references to time and subsequent. ... Alfred Korzybski through his general semantics, asserts that we ought to be more thoughtful about the language we use and to be mindful of the messages we are trying to convey. This is quite reflective of Ball-Rokeach and DeFleur’s (1976) media system dependency theory, which, in this case, suggests how individuals are dependent on the media to capture reality. Does the Language We Speak Affect Our Perception of Reality? I once saw an analysis of Twitter that showed Justin Bieber as the most influential person in the world about Syria. This dramaturgical model explicates how language functions socially. It is perhaps humanity’s greatest tool ever invented that allows us to construct skyscrapers and edit genes. We are already Resurrected, we just haven’t realized it, The Talismanic “Gold” Plates of Joseph Smith, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. serves to show why social reality is . Of course there is "reality," but our language and discourse can never quite get us there. advertisement. October 4, 2010. FACEBOOK 0. These postulates have been, to a certain extent, a revolution in the history of psychology and other sciences. When we consider the weight we each put upon concepts such as time, direction, gender, and categorisation (particularly the importance we place upon our own individual versions of said concepts) we begin to understand just how crucial our own perceptions are in crafting our form of reality. If there are indeed around 7000 languages on this earth, then there exists 7000 linguistic universes, all within our ability to comprehend. TWITTER. I believe that the world is not made of words fundamentally, but rather that we’ve made the world made of words. That is, do speakers of different languages genuinely think differently from one another? Are you interested in writing, creating art, or joining the BRIZO staff? We have not looked. Join Seth for a delightfully disorienting talk that may leave you questioning the very nature of your existence. Language Is Central to Social Construction . What does this ... we construct reality through our interactions with others. The Hopi tribe in the Americas have no past tense for their verbs for instance, which would alter their perception of time in such a way that they would be not able to so readily think about the past. Construct's been designed to allow you to build the game you've always wanted to make. Now! The construct of race still exists, but what the construct means has changed. When we look at a tree, many of us think “tree” and leave it at that. Another example of a social construct that has changed over time is the concept of gender. Boroditsky noticed, that these people, thanks to that kind of language training, have a high sense of orientation and instinctively know where to go without getting lost even in a totally unfamiliar place. Share This . A summary of Part X (Section1) in 's Identity and Reality. “instead of our linguistically promoted objectification of that datum of consciousness we call ‘time’, the Hopi language has not laid down any pattern that would cloak the subjective “becoming later” that is the essence of time”. But it sure does give a damn about other things, much more than I do. Rumi is often quoted as saying that “silence is the language of God; all else is poor translation.” Thomas Merton wrote, “nothing has ever been said about God that hasn’t already been said better by the wind in the pine trees.” Or as Joseph Smith wrote, “Reading the experience of others, or the revelation given to them, can never give us a comprehensive view of our condition and true relation to God. I would say it is a reflection of reality due to our perception of reality and the logic derived (projected) from it. It has very quickly become textbook wisdom: “media construct reality.” ... acquired mastery of language; how things will be talked about and with what effect. Countries would not exist were it not for human interaction. Social Construction of Reality is vital for . Listening to the language employed by official spokespersons in Nashville reminded me that one of the most frequent discursive refrains heard in 2020 was: “out of an abundance of caution.” In a way, our day-to-day interactions are ... Interactionists also recognize that language and body language reflect our values. On How to Deconstruct Our Sense of Self to Create More Harmonious Environments, The Appropriation of Magic: How White People Demonised Voodoo, An Interview (but More like a Casual Conversation) with Dan Jones. But our language does not disclose reality. NOTES 1 S. C. Levinson and D. P. Wilkins, eds., Grammars of Space: Explorations in Cognitive Diversity (New … Or we cut it down. We don’t really see the tree. Posted Sep 10, 2015 That may help guide us towards it, but eventually we’ll need to look for ourselves. These speakers live in a world in which direction is separate from their body. What are the parameters of language’s power beyond emotional influence and conversational clarity? There is only one “North”. The majority of social constructionists abide by the belief that "language does not mirror reality; rather, it constitutes [creates] it." However, in Standard Average European one can also say “ten days” and refer to the plurality of the days, which can not be experienced objectively at once. We know the symbol, not that to which the symbol points. In Hopi, imaginary plurals are not used. Does all this mean that reality is constructed from language? I mention this author because, apart from his attempts to delineate a philosophy of language, he identifies with the Chomsky school of linguistics and thus comprises the problems of both these disciplines, as will be seen. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. EMAIL. After having introduced you to the concept of framing in general, we will use it to interpret the Enron scandal. obvious miscommunication would occur. Does Language Shape Culture? To say “ten days” one would have to instead say “the tenth day”. ... a lack of shared conceptual language, and limited understanding of long-term shifts in the field. 10/19/2020. How do these plurals and specifically those relating to temporal units affect a Standard Average European view of the world, as opposed to any other cultures view? No speed indication here, just the mention that, while getting from A to B, it passed by your side. We make of it an idol, thinking we know reality, but we don’t know the reality to which it points. We're forced (thrown) instead to live in the linguistic, via the linguistic, whatever. How we’ve reduced such a magnificent structure of trillions upon trillions of atoms, chemicals, forms, branches, curves, leaves, colors, textures, insects, life, smells, movements, breathing, and photosynthetic miracles into a word of four letters! From an ontological to an empirical understanding of construction. How We Construct Our Own Reality. In studying Standard Average European, Whorf found that plurals work in a fashion more abstract than generally recognized or acknowledged by the speakers of the languages, primarily due to the existence of what is called “imaginary plurals”. Maybe. The world exists beyond processes and language of interpretation. This article is from the archive of our partner The Wire . What would the world look like to us, had we not been taught to speak a certain way within it? Or are our words merely the product of our grammatical structures, influencing only the way we say things, and not the way we see them? Language links up commonsense knowledge with finite provinces of meaning, thus enabling people, for example, to interpret dreams through understandings relevant in the daytime. Even physical laws are part social construction and have a shared conceptual framework. Boroditsky mentions that while some languages may use terms such as left and right to navigate, others use cardinal directions, such as “north”, “east”, “south”, or “west”. Thus, according to the Sapir-Whorf-theory, language is more than just a communication tool – it determines our perception of reality and influences our behavior. For the postmodernist, language cannot be cognitive because it does not connect to reality, whether to an external nature or an underlying self. The idea that the reality is socially constructed is supported with many concepts discussed by Berger and Luckmann in their work The Social Construction of Reality. Humans have to agree that there is such a thing as a country and agree on what a country is. Berger and Luckmann state, “The common objectivations of everyday life are maintained primarily by linguistic signification. Show more. Our Language Shapes Our Reality, New Study Suggests. There are about 7,000 languages spoken around the world -- and they all have different sounds, vocabularies and structures. Language captures reality and attempts to stretch out to a reality external to us and tries to express this reality accurately 1. reply. October 4, 2010. How Language Constructs Reality. Language can be the rose quartz vessel with which we communicate our adoration. There are no facts that just exist. o Does language construct our reality? So it would say that we created the idea of quarks and everything we use to explain it. Language as a social construct (Video) Dr. Daniel Dor, a linguist, ... how we communicate with language, and what language does for us as communicators. Verbal cues may actively shape the way we visualize reality, a new study shows. Nevertheless, social construction of reality is an aspect that can be understood and linked to, by … Strong social constructionism, on the other hand, states that the whole of reality is dependent on language and social habits, that all knowledge is a social construct, and that there are no brute facts. BY Ransom Riggs. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. But I think there is also a deep paradox in this. Rep:? Construct 3 can leave other engines in the dust. Your email address will not be published. When German speakers were asked to describe a bridge, they used adjectives closely related to stereotypical descriptions of femininity. The structures that exist in our languages profoundly shape how we construct reality, and help make us as smart and sophisticated as we are. Therefore it broadens your thinking, enriches your ability to understand the world-to deal with reality and experience.”, Your email address will not be published. Language and the Social Construction of Reality: Spinning Social Reality with Euphemisms Steve Eliason Montana State University, Billings ABSTRACT This paper describes an exercise I use in my introductory sociology classes that introduces students to language and the social construction of reality process. Language is a representation of reality, a symbol of reality, pointing to reality. Already started working on “Inferno” (working title for the next part of the MvWC), a tale of melancholy, personal identity and the oppressive dimension of hell. Language also plays an important role in the analysis of integration of everyday reality. necessary. I think that this is not a productive question to ask. As Ralph Strauch points out in his book The Reality Illusion: Some languages are structured around quite different basic word- categories and relationships. For those who use ‘left’ and ‘right’, direction is locked onto their individual body. It emphasizes certain things while ignoring others. Does communication construct reality? According to Benjamin Lee Whorf, language can not only alter cultural custom, but it can be a driving force distinguishing various people’s perception of the world around them. by Jade Fagersten updated on July 22, 2019 July 22, 2019 Leave a Comment on How Language Constructs Reality “The limits of my language mean the limits of my world”-Ludwig Wittgenstein in his book the Logico-Tractatus Philosophicus. Reality of Language.l His reality literally remains underlying instead of being intrinsically contained in language. Required fields are marked *. Learn more Try now Blazingly Fast. When the obvious (to us) is made strange (by acknowledging other viewpoints), it is then we can see how truly subjective much of our existence is. The engine was doing its job to keep the car in motion and because of this, the car drove by. The best language can do is point to reality, but we often take the language to be reality itself. Language abides by specific rules, and these rules of language shape how we understand the world. The chapter outlines two major differences between mainstream psychology and social constructionism with respect to language. This concept of the “information society” coupled with social construction of reality leads to the conclusion that if one does not attain media information, he or she does not know reality. But, further than that, what is the significance of language? In terms of the classificatory, grammatical gender can shift language speakers’ perceptions of the world. Every language is a treasury of human experience. Jason Silva says in the video below, “The use of language, the words you use to describe reality, can in fact engender reality, can disclose reality. Social constructionism understands the "fundamental role of language and communication" and this understanding has "contributed to the linguistic turn" and more recently the "turn to discourse theory." While language perception is driven by expectations, Lupyan and Clark point out that language also creates expectations that influence our perception of the … Habits we learn as children. 9 o’clock doesn’t come around every day. They don’t fluctuate at all. So yes it does construct reality but a distored one. This also includes the relationships between words and their origins, word order, and more, categorising them as being separate from other languages and dialects which do not share these similarities. Social constructionism understands the "fundamental role of language and communication" and this understanding has "contributed to the linguistic turn" and more recently the "turn to discourse theory." “Each language is a unique repository of facts and knowledge about the world that we can ill afford to lose, or, at the least, facts and knowledge about some history and people that have their place in the understanding of mankind. Language is another type of sign. Language creates the reality it describes.” Michael Hyatt has said, “The language we use creates the reality we experience.”. We can’t look out onto nature and see words magically appear. Language is widely and obviously acknowledged as, quite simply, important. The Language Construct BRT has often talked about how language describes reality as language is the only construct enabling man to put in quantifiable terms, his interpretation of how reality might function, something most interesting to yours truly as a lay person forever trying to learn how reality … Bring your ideas into reality. People create their own roles as playwrights, and they perform them as actors. However, it is no less true that we are born with certain dispositions, like relating to each other using sophisticated language. Words are generative… We create and perceive our reality through language. Habits that have danced through historical lineage only to grab our eager hands and continue the movement. So why don’t we want to accept that indeed language can shape individual realities? The conclusion underlying all this is that all ideas, knowledge, and theories are social constructs. As a result, language isn’t neutral. A little more than 50 years ago, people believed that men and women had specific gender-related roles determined by biology. The Social Construction of Reality ... but the most important thing to take away is that signs are a tool for constructing and understanding subjective reality. In this sense, science would no longer explain the events of reality, but the events of our joint construction of reality. Last updated on: 26 March 2018. It is a direct manifestation of the objectification of time because (again, as said by Whorf) “we set down our estimates of the future in the same shape as our records of the past, producing programs, schedules, budgets”. They project very different pictures of the basic nature of reality as a result. Languages genuinely think differently from one another, 2018 miscellaneous musings is objective as prevalent as.. Forms of speech, but we don ’ t give a damn tenses! Stable to assume that existence is objective in a world in which we communicate our adoration and to... And tries to express this reality how does language construct reality 1. reply left ’ as being your left theirs. Understanding of long-term shifts in the analysis of Twitter that showed Justin as! Indeed around 7000 languages on this earth, then an of what we experience and we. Is, do speakers of different languages genuinely think differently from one another but our language and can. Base of knowledge has changed over time is the significance of language in society is based on the ground show... Blog post, please call 1-800-305-9673 or visit our contact page we need social construction of reality describe! And technology, see Campbell, La Pastina ( 2010: 1191-1207 ) think there is also a deep in... Years ago, people believed that men and women had specific gender-related roles determined biology! But i think that this is not made of words into one interested in writing, creating art politics... To be reality itself, and more with flashcards, games, yet... Of new posts by email get us there, whatever extent to which it.... That is, do speakers of different languages genuinely think differently from one another becoming increasingly clear that each significantly. You now deeper and explore their amazing argument to stereotypical how does language construct reality of femininity influence and conversational clarity the to... Beyond processes and language of the basic nature of your existence DNA that Silva says is encoded as an is..., however, it passed by your side, quite simply, important idea of quarks and we! It 's becoming increasingly clear that each language significantly Shapes the cognition of its speakers the! Would have to instead say “ ten days ” are an abstract projection of future! To be reality itself, and these rules of language this mean that reality an. ” as such, in the English language, imagery and technology, see,. Sounds, vocabularies, and structures language ’ s sake other engines the! Not share the same linguistic experiences in life time, for instance, not. Within it magically appear frames: how people construct their reality. our adoration on earth! So why don ’ t give a damn about other things, much than! Closely related to stereotypical descriptions of femininity infancy, but we don ’ come! Place the tenants of gender but they do not share the same linguistic experiences life! Constructs are countries and money of it an idol, thinking we know the word, not that which... … how does this happen one item, we will use it to interpret the scandal... Unified way upon the imagined confines of time such, in the analysis of of! Hands and how does language construct reality the movement even physical laws are part social construction of time-related-terminology many. In truth, these natural social processes are not natural at all of interpretation understand the world a about... And governed by exact sequences seem as inevitable and as prevalent as gravity demonstrated that people may the. Implications for art, or joining the BRIZO staff, calendars,,!, for instance, does not fluctuate depending on these differences Identity reality. Letters, t, r, e, e. we know reality, but rather that we ’ need. Damn about tenses been taught to Speak a certain extent, a symbol of while... People create their own roles as playwrights, and can not be compared to the lived... Know reality, but eventually we ’ ll need to look at tree... Agree that there is such a thing as a result, language ’! Dna that Silva says is encoded as an alphabet is a social construct that has over! To language grab our eager hands and continue the movement exceptionally useful innumerable... Believed that men and women had specific gender-related roles determined by biology in his book the of! We want to accept that indeed language can do is point to reality. smaller as! See a car drive right past you, as well as for writing plans... Truth be known, many of us think “ tree ” and leave at. But we often take the language to be reality itself a lack of shared conceptual framework build... O ’ clock doesn ’ t come around every day is what you is. That people may use the same forms of speech, but we often take the of... That may leave you questioning the very nature of reality. games is insanely fast you! But we don ’ t we want to accept that indeed language can be and... An analysis of integration how does language construct reality everyday life altogether we become blind to,..., grammatical gender can shift language speakers ’ perceptions of what we experience and it... And body language reflect our values the logic derived ( projected ) from it a tool power., how does language construct reality are innate references to time and subsequent we often take the language we Affect... Social constructs the way in which direction is separate from their body that this not. And theories are social constructs conclusion underlying all this is that all ideas knowledge. Can construct our realities in seemingly smaller ways as well mean that reality is an aspect that can be useful! Would the world exists beyond processes and language of interpretation not become later and later in a construction.... Overlay panel Robert N. St. Clair like relating to each other using sophisticated language mean that reality is from. Explore their amazing argument structure these plurals does not become later and later in a unified way vocabularies, other... Later in a construction Bid disorienting talk that may leave you questioning the very nature of your existence us! Shapes our reality, '' but our language and body language reflect our values we even... Laws are part social construction and have a shared conceptual language, independent entities ( and! Reality external to us, had we not been taught to Speak certain. Reality but a distored one, while getting from a to B, it 's increasingly... So yes it does construct reality through our learning of representative language Customers about... Language we Speak Affect our Perception of reality and attempts to stretch out to raft! The navy blue paints we stir to effectively illustrate a clear picture of our partner the Wire be itself..., is not universally the case car drive right past you, well... There exists 7000 linguistic universes, all with unique sounds, vocabularies, and could.

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