It was signed on 9 September 1994 in Moscow, Russia, and entered into force on 12 August 1995. The European Patent Organisation is an independent inter-governmental organisation. If you are seeking protection in only a few countries, it may be best to apply direct for a national patent to each of the national offices. Patent applications passed to grant by the EPO are recognized by EPC Member States as national patents. The European Patent Convention (EPC), when ratified in 1973, created the European Patent Office (EPO) as a regional patent examination and granting authority. A European patent application consists of: a request for grant The European Patent Convention is a multinational convention of which 38 member states participate in, including all 28 member states of the European Union and 10 other non EU member states. Patent law in Europe is complex in that national patent laws co-exist with the European Patent Convention (EPC). In the new text, the wording of the provisions of the Convention shall be aligned, where necessary, in the three official languages. The European Patent Convention (EPC) of 1973 multilateral treaty instituting the European Patent Organisation (EPOrg) and providing a legal system of which European patents are granted. This was the beginning of the European Patent Organisation. The Eurasian Patent Convention (EAPC; Russian: Евразийская патентная конвенция) is an international patent law treaty instituting both the Eurasian Patent Organization (EAPO) and the legal system pursuant to which Eurasian patents are granted. It provides member states with a unique procedure from application to grant, followed by a validation procedure in the designated countries. If designated as an extension state a European patent can be treated as if it were a national patent. Return to European patents These countries are: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro. EPC Member States also retained national patent systems, which coexist with the EPO. When an EPC application is filed, it should be in English, French or German and any or all of the 42 EPO member countries may be designated upon filing the regional application. It was reviewed at the Munich Diplomatic Conference in 2000 and subsequently came into force in 2007. The European Patent Organization (EPO) is an intergovernmental organization that was set up on October 7, 1977 based on the European Patent Convention (EPC) signed in Munich in 1973. European Patent Convention; EPO – countries that are covered by European Patent Convention (EPC). The European Patent Office accepts applications under the European Patent Convention (EPC) and the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT). In 1973, sixteen countries signed the European Patent Convention (EPC), which came into force in 1977. 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