Specifically, this means that the cotton is grown under rain-fed conditions, cultivated using pesticides and fertilisers in an effective and responsible way, and harvested by … However, before you acquire the land, you’ll need to … Cotton imports Source: Agricultural Statistics FIG. Africa. Cotton may have been grown in the Xinjiang (China) province cities of Turfan and Khotan by the 8th century CE. Cotton made in Africa is a project initiative launched and managed by the Aid by Trade Foundation (AbTF), headquartered in Hamburg. Last April, the Inter-professional Cotton Association of Burkina (AICB), an industry body comprising farmers and other sector players, set a production target of 800,000 tonnes for the 2018-19 cotton … Most cotton grown in Africa is grown by smallholders (farmers farming on less than twenty hectares of land). Cotton is grown by smallholder farmers and large commercial farms in Ethiopia’s southern Rift Valley. In fact, the country barely produced any cocoa until the 1980s. The cotton plant also produces a fruit called bolls which are used as the food. South Africa is a net importer of cotton lint and between 40 to 60 % of its cotton needs is imported annually. of Farmers: 25,584 No. Agriculture employs 65 percent of Africa's labor force and is responsible for 32 percent of its gross domestic product. These farmers tend to have a limited access to inputs such as water and pesticides and achieve low yields. Cotton is now grown in five main regions; Kwa-Zulu Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Northern Cape and North-West Provinces. Multiple African Countries: Cotton made in Africa (CmiA), Task Force on Forced Labour and Decent Work. We use cookies to improve your experience on our site and for tracking purposes. Cotton from Cotton made in Africa is produced by smallholder farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa in accordance with CmiA standard criteria. In the Indus River Valley in Pakistan, cotton was being grown, spun and woven into cloth 3,000 years BC. Most cotton grown in Africa is grown by smallholders (farmers farming on less than twenty hectares of land). This gives increased flexibility to farmers whilst avoiding additional costs. Growing Season: 2011-12 Countries: Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali, Senegal, Tanzania, Uganda General Staple Lengths: Short, Medium & Long No. Some of the main crops grown in Africa include cereals and grains, such as corn, wheat and rice, and legumes and fodder, such as beans, groundnut and cowpea. Cotton production is inherently non-impactful on the environment. Multiple African Countries: Cotton made in Africa (CmiA), Task Force on Forced Labour and Decent Work. US bans cotton, tomato imports from China’s Xinjiang Order directs US ports to detain cotton, tomato products grown, produced by entities operating in … Africa exported 975306 tons of cotton lint in 2017, major importers of African cotton are Bangladesh, Vietnam, China, and Malaysia. Supima cotton is a type Pima cotton that has received the blessing of the American Supima Association (ASA). The African continent represents 5% of global cotton production and more than 9% of the worlds cotton exports. Cotton has been a major cash crop in Africa, mainly in Nigeria, the areas cotton is grown in Nigeria is concentrated in the Savannah belts of the country which is the Northern & South Western Nigeria such as Kano, Kaduna, Oyo, Ondo, Kwara, Katsina, Jigawa, Ogun, Kebbi, Sokoto & Zamfara state. Over this period of time, China’s GDP has grown more than 10-fold, ranking #2 in the world today. Cotton crops in Africa are grown both with irrigation systems and on dry land. By 2009, … Fig. The number of countries planting biotech crops on the continent has grown from three in 2018 to six in 2019. Some pioneer settlers thought cotton might succeed in East Africa. The most commercially grown cotton species is Gossypium hirsutum, first developed by the Mayan civilisation in Mexico. Last April, the Inter-professional Cotton Association of Burkina (AICB), an industry body comprising farmers and other sector players, set a production target of 800,000 tonnes for the 2018-19 cotton season. The crop is mostly grown within the “Cotton Belt”, an area that comprises 17 southern states including Virginia, Arizona, Mississippi and Texas. 5. Indonesia is the only one of the top five cocoa-producing countries that is not located in Africa, but in Southeast Asia. Building smallholders’ capacity and helping them gain access to vital funding and inputs remains an important priority for BCI in the years ahead. of Women Farmers: 6,625 Organic Cotton Production Area: 38,821 ha Seed Cotton Production: 21,721 mt Fiber (lint) Production: 8,922 mt Bales (US) of Cotton Lint: 40,952 Cotton … You give us your permission to do so by continuing to use our website. The greatest diversity of cotton species is found in Africa… Cotton has been a major cash crop in Africa, mainly in Nigeria, the areas cotton is grown in Nigeria is concentrated in the Savannah belts of the country which is the Northern & South Western Nigeria such … Better Cotton is grown in the subtropical highlands of the Loskop area, … 2020. The aim is also to provide textile companies and traders with increased access to more sustainable cotton. Giza 45, Giza 87 and Giza 93, represents less than one percent of the total local … Opinion - Cotton lint is the most important input in the textile industry. Chad: Ethiopia: Kenya: Tanzania: Sudan: South Sudan: Uganda: Cotton Greece imports only a small amount of cotton, but its exports are significant, making Greece the fourth largest cotton exporter in the world (USDA Economic and Statistics System). Textile companies can now procure cotton produced from CmiA verified cotton companies – click here to see the updated list of verified companies. Mali is the largest producer in this region followed by Burkina Faso, Benin and Senegal. Angora goats are raised for mohair, while sheep produce Merino wool crops in Africa. Nowadays Egyptian Extra Fine & Extra Long Staple Cotton, t he finest in the world, including Cotton varieties like . Cotton South Africa is BCI’s Implementing Partner in South Africa. Texas is the United States’ largest cotton producer; it accounts for approximately 45 percent of all the country’s cotton production. Image: Licensed CmiA Farmers © Martin J. Kielmann for CmiA. Naturally occurring wild cotton types in Africa are found mostly in Sudan, but these could have been brought to the continent by Arab traders. Find out more about the success, challenges and key changes that happened in the 2018-19 cotton season in the Better Cotton Country Snapshots. Cotton is one of the most important cash crops on the continent. AbTF was founded in 2005 by Dr. Michael Otto, the Hamburg business entrepreneur and Chairman of Otto Group.Cotton marketed under the badge is produced according to strict criteria for environmental, economic and social sustainability. Quality has traditionally been seen as high throughout the continent, largely thanks to hand picking. Cotton seeds are planted in spring and the plant grows into green, bushy shrubs about one metre in height. In the 2018-19 cotton season, large farms improved their approach to precision agriculture (using satellite data, remote sensing devices and data gathering technologies) to help optimise the way they manage their farms. Cotton production in Burkina Faso is continuing its downward slide three years after the nation phased out the use of pest-resistant genetically modified (GM) cotton. These farmers tend to have a limited access to inputs such as water and pesticides and achieve … Cotton may have been grown in the Xinjiang (China) province cities of Turfan and Khotan by the 8th century CE. Usually, the major share of the capital goes into acquiring the land. Heavy pesticide use has had serious health and environmental consequences. of Producer Groups: 9 No. We also work with cotton companies and retail partners to invest in community projects focused on women’s empowerment, education, nature protection, water and hygiene, which provide broader benefits to cotton-producing communities.” – Tina Stridde, Managing Director at Aid by Trade Foundation. Cottonseed is crucial in the vegetable oil and animal feed industries. They also found that the cotton itself was much like that grown in America today. Multiple African Countries: Cotton made in Africa (CmiA) The African continent represents 5% of global cotton production and more than 9% of the worlds cotton exports. Many farmers qualifying under CmiA are now able to market their cotton as Better Cotton or Cotton made in Africa, depending on the demand in the market. Other leading cotton … Cotton Made in Africa is a project based on standards and criteria designed to help the socio-economic development of smallholder cotton farmers in sub-Saharan Africa through trade and to improve the social, ecological, and economic living conditions of these agricultural communities. Find out more about the success, challenges and key changes that happened in the 2018-19 cotton season in the Better Cotton Country Snapshots. Cotton is one of the few crops that is cultivated as a cash crop, exclusively for export purposes. Cotton Cotton grows in warm climates and most of the world’s cotton is grown in the U.S., Uzbekistan, the People’s Republic of China and India. In the 2018-19 cotton season, 646 licensed BCI Farmers produced 18,000 tonnes of Better Cotton lint on 18,000 hectares. Who is BCI’s Implementing Partner in South Africa? Leasing should be at least 10 years so that you can have adequate time to obtain a reasonable return on your investment. Cotton Exporter Africa. Cotton Production in Sub-Saharan Africa According to Baffes (2004), African cotton is almost exclusively grown by smallholder farmers, using sustainable growing methods with harmony between agriculture, the natural environment and human beings. The cotton plant makes up cotton lint which is the fabric like material and makes up 42 of the total weight of the plant. Sorghum, millet, corn and rice are grown as subsistence crops with cash crops including groundnuts, cotton seed, cotton fibre and sesame. Cotton crops in Africa are grown both with irrigation systems and on dry land. In South Africa cotton was planted in the Western Cape as early as 1690. Cotton is a natural fibre grown on a plant related to the commonly-found garden species hibiscus. At about the same time, natives of Egypt’s Nile valley were making and wearing cotton clothing. Cotton is planted during October and harvested at the beginning of the winter season, from April to July, when temperatures can drop below freezing point on winter evenings. Working groups have been put in place to develop common solutions for issues such as child labour, Integrated Pest Management, monitoring and evaluation and supply chain. Cotton was finally adapted to grow in more temperate climates by the Islamic Agricultural Revolution, and between 900–1000 CE, a boom in cotton production spread into Persia, Southwest Asia, North Africa… To be considered “Supima,” Pima cotton can only be grown in the United States with organic cultivation practices. In that year, cotton … In the 2018-19 cotton season, 822,371 CmiA farmers in Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cote d’Ivoire, Ghana, Mozambique, Nigeria, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia produced 576,000 metric tonnes of cotton lint in line with the CmiA and Better Cotton Standards. Angora goats are raised for mohair, while sheep produce Merino wool crops in Africa. The first harvest of Better Cotton took place in the 2016-17 cotton season. In 2013, following three years of collaboration, BCI completed a Strategic Partnership Agreement with the Aid by Trade Foundation (AbTF), owners of the Cotton made in Africa (CmiA) Standard and Smallholder Cotton Standard (SCS). Smaller tea gardens are also starting to develop in the regions of Burundi, Cameroon, Congo- Zaire, Ethiopia, Mauritius, Mozambique, South Africa, and Zambia. In South Africa cotton was planted in the Western Cape as early as 1690. This will, in turn, increase the sale of more sustainable African cotton on the world market, consequently improving economic and environmental sustainability of smallholder farmers on the continent. However, cotton farming became more challenging for smallholder farmers, who lacked access to necessary government funding and support to grow cotton crops. Better Cotton is grown in the subtropical highlands of the Loskop area, at the West of the KwaZulu-Natal province. Ultimately, the aim of the partnership is to improve the livelihoods of hundreds of thousands of smallholder farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa. East Africa - Crop Production Maps. Although world cotton production is dominated by China, India and the US, cotton is vital for the survival of many low income countries in Central and West Asia and Africa – it accounts, in value terms, for 26.4 per cent of Benin’s exports and 58.7 per cent of Burkina Faso’s. By official estimates, cotton lint makes up for the 85% of the total cotton income while the rest is from the cotton seed. Cotton was finally adapted to grow in more temperate climates by the Islamic Agricultural Revolution, and between 900–1000 CE, a boom in cotton production spread into Persia, Southwest Asia, North Africa, and the Mediterranean Basin. Cotton made in Africa. Cotton is now grown in five main regions; Kwa-Zulu Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Northern Cape and North-West Provinces. Cocoa cultivation in Indonesia is a relatively new industry. You give us your permission to do so by continuing to use our website. Interestingly, the clothing and fabrics found in the ancient tombs of Egypt were always flax fibre and never from cotton. Since 2005, CmiA has been committed to protecting the environment while improving working and living conditions for smallholder farmers and ginnery workers. In West Africa, organic and / or Fairtrade cotton production is centred in Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali and Senegal. Cotton farming is best done in commercial quantities; hence you’ll need a large expanse. Production can be challenging, as the crop is prone to attack by a wide variety of pests, especially African bollworm and sucking pests like aphids and whiteflies. Cotton pant is a shrub and native of tropical and subtropical regions of the world, including Africa, Egypt, America, and India. Ostriches are used to produce leather products, while goats are often farmed for milk or meat. Cottonseed is crucial in the vegetable oil and animal feed industries. Cotton grows well in a warm and moist climate where summer is long and where there is salinity in the soil, this makes Sub-Saharan Africa one of the largest cotton … An independent study comparing the two standards led to a benchmarking agreement between BCI and AbTF, whereby the cotton verified as CmiA/SCS can also be sold as Better Cotton (but not vice versa). So the British East Africa Corporation Ltd was established in 1906 with the aim of spreading the work of the British Cotton Growing Association, a body designed to encourage cotton growing in the British Empire and to establish cotton … The earliest evidence of the use of cotton in the Old World, dated to 5500 BC and preserved in copper beads, has been found at the Neolithic site of Mehrgarh, at the foot of the Bolan Pass in Balochistan, Pakistan. How Does Cotton Fabric Impact the Environment? Today Africa produces nearly half a million tons of tea annually, grown primarily in the African nations of Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania, Rwanda, Uganda, and Zimbabwe. “Our training and support goes beyond sustainable agricultural practices. We use cookies to improve your experience on our site and for tracking purposes. BCI started its first operations in Africa in 2010 and now runs programmes directly in four African countries: Madagascar, Mali, Mozambique and South Africa. To advance South Africa to an environmentally responsible future, the cotton industry is continuing with the development and implementation of new technologies and methods of cotton production and manufacturing, and developing new uses for the cotton plant that will result in meeting consumer needs and to balance productivity and profit, without compromising the ability of […] Ostriches are used to … ... Over a third of China's oil comes from Africa, as does 20% of the country’s cotton. Most cotton grown in Africa is grown by smallholders (farmers farming on less than twenty hectares of land). Cotton production in Burkina Faso is continuing its downward slide three years after the nation phased out the use of pest-resistant genetically modified (GM) cotton. Burkina Faso in Western Africa has 90% of its population engaged in subsistence agriculture. This statistic shows the world's leading cotton producing countries in crop year 2019. To learn more about cookies and opt-out options, please refer to our Cookie and Data Privacy Policy. Arab merchants brought cotton cloth to Europe about 800 A.D. Cotton made in Africa (CmiA) is an internationally recognised standard for sustainable cotton from Africa. Cotton is grown in small pockets throughout the entire country. Cotton is one of the most important cash crops on the continent. You can either acquire or lease your land depending on your preference. The major challenge with cotton farming is that the farming process is highly capital and labor intensive. The Rise and Decline of Cotton Growing in Kenya. This partnership means that BCI does not introduce a parallel scheme in countries where AbTF and CmiA are already delivering benefits to smallholder farmers. It produces 3,999 thousand metric tonnes a year. The Greek cotton industry has shown a small interest in organic cotton. 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