Acton, Massachusetts 01720 Since PAL and SECAM, the other two world systems, were developed later, they took advantage of better technology. [See head. Usually recorded separately, includes wild sound, sound effects, or music incorporated in post-production. First, when it’s used with video, as in video production, it’s a general term that means the whole process. Analogous to audio and lighting cross-fade. Payment is due 14 days after the invoice date. Electronic special effect transforming a normal video image into a collage of flattened single-colored areas, without graduations of color and brightness. The manner in which a television picture is composed scanning alternate lines to produce one field, approximately every 1/60 of a second in NTSC. May impede viewer's sense of depth, dimension, drama. Signal-to-noise ratio improvement is accomplished by processing a signal before recording and reverse-processing the signal upon playback. This corrects for the fact that video frames occur at a rate of 29.97 per second, rather than an exact 30 frames per second (see Non-Drop Frame). (U-matic) Most popular professional/industrial video format employing larger cassettes and three-quarter-inch tape, as opposed to the half-inch width of VHS and Beta "consumer" formats. Editing: The process of rearranging, adding and/or removing sections of video clips. F-stop examples are F2, F2.8, F4, F5.6, F8, F11. Device that converts audio and video signals into a combined RF signal suitable for reception by a standard TV. Radiates a diffused, scattered blanket of light with soft, indistinct shadows. This is the most important part of your production – and it’s where you can be oh-so-tempted to cut corners. [See pickup.]. A PIT will be read as a number of zeroes dependant upon it's length, (as will a LAND), and the change in profile from a PIT to a LAND will be read as a one. Narration accompanying picture, heard above background sound or music, without narrator seen on camera. One billionth of a second. Comet tailing is a form of lag. USA (Dallas/Ft Worth), Phone (972)-881-3200 Generated electronically by a "color bar generator," often viewed on broadcast television in off-air hours. Better known as technique widely practiced with music video recordings, whereby "vocalists" mime to playback of prerecorded music. The screen goes blank for a fraction of second. Toll Free (877) 704-1517, © 2012 Eyecon Video Productions. Lens capability permits change from wide-angle to telephoto, or vice versa, in one continuous move. Rapid sequence of video shots assembled to communicate a particular image or mood. There are 7350 BLOCKS in each second of information on a Compact Disc. Indicates the vertical blanking period between each video field. Compression makes it possible to store reasonably large amounts of video on a hard disk. Original recorded videotape footage; "edited master" implies original copy of tape in its edited form. Music is added, as are graphics and effects. But when it stands alone, and when it’s describing the process, it has a very specific meaning: production is the process of filming your raw video shots. One candela is approximately equal to the amount of light energy generated by an ordinary candle. A device to correct timing errors which can cause unstable edits. Trade name for digital effects system manufactured by Ampex. A unit for measuring luminous intensity. Contains samples of a person's or company's best video work for the purposes of marketing. Synonymous with chroma and luma noise. One who produces an effective video on a shoestring budget. An indication of the precision required in the timing of video signals. Simple animation consisting of art work designed to be used as a video tape storyboard. This can be language descriptions, scene/take, character, camera angle, artists/creators, organizations, etc. The quality of videotape is graded by the number of dropouts and priced accordingly. If you’re going to work successfully with a video production company, you’ll need to understand what they’re talking about – so you can avoid misunderstandings and bring your video project to completion, on time and on budget. Each stop admits 100% more light than the previous one. 4k cameras film at a horizontal resolution of about 4,000 pixels, which is huge. Undesirable video display effects caused by excessive high frequency video information. A standard cable consisting of a central inner conductor and a cylindrical outer conductor. A 9mm - 100mm lens can makes its widest shot at 9mm, its closest at 100mm. The area of a Compact Disc that follows the program area.Â. Vertical camera movement, rising or lowering, with camera levelness maintained. [See LP, SP.]. Because additional sounds that match what people are seeing create a richer experience. Number of vibrations produced by a signal or sound, usually expressed as cycles per second, or hertz (Hz). [See Betamax. The area between the PITS on a Compact Disc. Controlling lens focus so that an image maintains sharpness and clarity despite camera and/or subject movement. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. [2:audio] Echo effect at low levels, howl or piercing squeal at extremes, from audio signal being fed back to itself; achieved by aiming live microphone at receiving speaker. A low contrast picture has more middle tones without very dark or very light areas. A type of SMPTE time code designed to exactly match the real time of common clocks. Also known as full-screen, full- or true-color, or full-motion video. More strictly speaking, shots are intentional, isolated camera views which collectively comprise a scene. A method for measuring the overall color of a light source, measured in degrees Kelvin (deg.K). The script is a text document that contains what will be said and who will say it, and a storyboard is a collection of images that show the scenes in your video, and how they will be filmed. A process in which the coloring in a television image is altered or corrected by electronic means. Jargon: Glossary of Video Production Terms action axis An imaginary line drawn between two subjects or along a line of motion to maintain continuity of screen direction. Digital signals are virtually immune to noise, distortion, crosstalk, and other quality problems. Then the client watches the draft and makes change requests. Portions of VITC and LTC (time code) reserved for recording information of the user's choosing, e.g., date, scene numbers. Separates luminance and two chrominance channels to avoid quality loss from NTSC or PAL encoding. Analog video that is copied or edited several generations suffers from generation loss and is subject to degradation due to noise and distortion.The term analogue simply means like or similar. Synchronizing pulses used to define the end of one television field and the start of the next, occurring at a rate of approximately 59.94 Hz. Made special effects affordable for the low budget producer. [See artificial, natural light. ], Power-loss phenomenon alleged of NiCad -- camcorder batteries, attributed to precisely repetitive partial discharge followed by complete recharge, or long-term overcharge. Manual control on sophisticated VCRs, facilitates viewing and editing precision and convenience. Opposite of wide-angle, captures magnified, closeup images from considerable distance. DigiNovations is a full-service video production company, based near Boston, Massachusetts. A compression/expansion (companding) noise reduction system developed by Ray Dolby, widely used in consumer, professional and broadcast audio applications. A measurement of the stresses within the polycarbonate substrate of a Compact Disc. But is bigger better? Please use the Quizlet tools to ensure that you have learned these key terms. Called linear because scenes are laid in a line along the tape. Pre-production is everything that has to happen before your video shoot. To separate a composite video signal into its component elements. ], That which bounces off the illuminated subject. The Red Book specification for I11 is = or > 0.6 millivolts. In video editing terms, rendering is the process of the computer calculating and crunching all of the different effects in each shot, and mixing down the layers of all graphics and captions on the editing timeline to produce a final single/flat video output. Three examples are: Jaggies or Stair-stepping - Stepped or jagged edges of angled lines, especially at the slanted edges of letters. Can be read from video tape in the "still mode." The audio equivalent of the video picture dissolve. Because different light sources have different colors, your video can have a color cast, either throughout the frame, or in one section of the frame. (picture in picture, p-in-p, pix in pix) Image from a second video source inset on a screen's main picture, the big and small pictures usually being interchangeable. Camera should maintain regulated distance from subject. The term is often used in TV news. Generic term for wide variety of video image manipulation devices with perceived mysterious or "magical" capabilities, including proc amps, enhancers, SEGs, and TBCs. Out-of-sequence shooting approach, to be edited in appropriate order at post-production stage. Unnatural, abrupt switch from and to shots identical in subject but slightly different in screen location. In accordance with the 'supplied' quote 360red Productions Ltd hereby agrees, subject to the terms hereof, to perform all pre-production, production and post production services necessary to complete the Video and to deliver the Video in accordance with 360red Productions Ltd promotional materials, discussions held and quotes supplied, including; Complete NTSC picture consists of 525 scan lines per frame. ad lib Dialogue in which the characters or actors make up what they say in real time on the movie set or on stage. It can be a simple matter of adding saturation and vibrancy, or giving the scene a slight color tint to warm it up (yellow) or cool it off (blue). These time code numbers are used to create the final online. The actual time during which video recording occurs, distinguished from the tampering of time via editing. Production has two meanings. Video signal processor used primarily for tape dubbing to eliminate picture jump and jitter, maintain stability. Reduces or eliminates post-production work, but allows less control over finished program and usually imposes quality concessions. [See mix.]. Usually a wide and/or distant perspective, orients viewer to overall setting and surroundings. When it’s used with video, as in video production, it’s a general term that means the whole process of making a video. (1A) or haze (UV) filter Mounted at front of camcorder lens, virtually clear glass absorbs ultraviolet light. ), Digital device which synchronizes two or more video signals.  Tripod's camera mount. [See Super-VHS.]. See some of the ways we can tell yours. The most common type of unidirectional microphone; pickup pattern resembles a heart-shaped figure. The cassette size, however, went on to become BETACAM. Opposite of telephoto, supports viewer perspective and tends to reinforce perception of depth. A system whereby a variable analog signal is broken down and encoded into discrete binary bits of ones and zeros. Lots can go wrong as a result. A video signal in which the luminance and chrominance elements have been combined in formats such as VHS. (978) 429-8640. Device with user-adjustable controls to blend multiple sound inputs into desired composite output. In the language of moving images, a sequence of related shots usually constituting action in one particular location. Everybody has a story. The phase of the chroma signal as compared to the color burst, is one of the factors that determines a video signal's color balance. Two fields comprise one television frame resulting in the NTSC television frame rate of approximately 30 fps. [See monopod.]. "Zoom in" and "zoom out" are common terms. [See scene.]. Those images can be sketches, or they can be photos, or anything in between. Audio Data: This could include any digital audio source (audio clip from a single track on an NLE, .AIFF, .WAV, Audio CD, DAT, etc.). Audio recorded with images. An electronic typewriter that creates titles for video. Assembly edits cannot be used for editing because since they erase the control track portion of the video tape. [See closeup, establishing shot, medium shot. [See long shot. Special video monitor that can reduce the size of the video image so the four outer frame edges can be viewed in their entirety. One-half of a television frame, containing all the odd or even scanning lines of the picture. A digital device designed to store and display a single frame of video as a freeze frame. Specifies event, date, compensation provisions, and rights being waived. (EDL) Handwritten or computer-generated compilation of all post-production edits to be executed in a video work. [2:directional] Consistency in camera-subject relationships, to avoid confusing a viewer's perspective. Works much like a loudspeaker in reverse, employing a simple magnet and wire coil to convert sound waves into an electrical signal. [See DVE.]. Resist that urge! You can find more information about 4k video here, but the bottom line is this: if your video vendor wants to film in 4k, ask them to explain to you why that makes sense – and whether it’s adding to the cost. Device for mixing television signals to a single video recorder. Essential for online editing and duplication. Where payment terms are not set out in the relevant quotation: a. ", Dissolve from one image to another that's similar in appearance or shot size. Video Production Terms and Conditions. A close-up shot used to hide an edit or to emphasize a detail. Used to imitate shadows of natural lighting. This system is extensively used in broadcast radio transmission because it is less prone to signal interference and retains most of the original signal quality. Hello Tim. SMPTE standard for 1-inch non-segmented helical video recording format. A video photographer who specializes in events like weddings. Bright flashes and/or extreme contrast reduction evident in picture, caused by excessive light beaming into a camera's lens and reflecting off its internal glass elements. A copy of a copy of the original master constitutes a second-generation duplication.  Director's command to immediately terminate on-camera action and recording. [See NTSC, PAL.]. The smallest increment of a complete television picture, equal to one-thirtieth of a second. Common footage -- city traffic, a rainbow -- conveniently accessed as needed. [2:video] Combining video signals from two or more sources. From the Latin ad libitum, “in accordance with desire. Used mostly by CD-ROM application developers and CD mastering facilities Disc Description Protocol is a standard way of specifying what data is supplied, what processing is required, and exactly where the data is to be placed on the CD.Â, A tape format for recording digital data on 3.81mm wide magnetic tape.Â. Black, gray and white have no chrominance, but any colored signal has both chrominance and luminance. [See synchronous sound. There are free online tools for storyboarding,like Storyboard That, or you can use PowerPoint or even Word. The signal generated by the largest (11 Bit) pits on a Compact Disc. Used for many video connections, especially the cable TV wire that comes into your home. Common in interview situations, perspective affords sense of depth. Pre-production literally means “before production.” Pre-production is everything that has to happen before your video shoot. Â¾ SP is an enhanced version. Unlike Control-L, Control-S does not allow the controller to read tape counter information. Measure of audio signal strength based on a logarithmic scale. First, when it’s used with video, as in video production, it’s a general term that means the whole process. Not to be confused with phono plug. Start studying 72 Video production words. Accessory for video lights, two- or four-leaf folding flaps that control light distribution. Talk's typically applied to edited visual during post-production. Used to conform the colors in video monitors and other equipment. Also called a dupe. Type of light that creates brilliant highlights and sharp shadows. (Vertical Interval Time Code pronounced vitSEE) This type of time code is recorded in the vertical blanking interval above the active picture area. Wherever a selected "key color" appears in the foreground shot, background image replaces. (high fidelity) Generalized term defining audio quality approaching the limits of human hearing, pertinent to high-quality sound reproduction systems. Common component of broadcast news. Any place filming occurs except a studio. The color temperature of the lighting must match the color temperature of the camera. Microphone type, also called "moving coil." Cutaway shots which are used to cover the visual part of an interview or narration. ], Microphone type incorporating a precharged element, eliminating need for bulky power sources. Common in home movies. [See dissolve. Awkward progression makes subject appear to jump from one screen location to another. [See filter. [See color temperature, natural light.]. An edit in which the source and record tapes pick up exactly where they left off. ], (ND) Mounted at front of camcorder lens, reduces light intensity without affecting its color qualities. Device which electronically produces letters, numbers, symbols, and other graphic displays for on-screen video titling. Periodically videotaping a minimal number of frames over long durations of actual time. Number of times a screen is "redrawn" per second. Supplementary illumination, usually from a floodlight positioned midway between camera and subject, which lightens or eliminates shadows created by key light. Imaging device used in conjunction with a movie projector and camcorder to transfer film images to videotape. Camera view including two subjects, generally applicable to interview situations. VIDEO PRODUCTION by Brainiac HERE ARE OUR VIDEO PRODUCTION HOUSES: SAN DIEGO 3919 30th street San Diego, CA 90104 LOS ANGELES 1325 Palmetto St, Los Angeles, CA 90013 1 (888) 202-1022 Sales: email@example.com You can also reach us on: A digital production is a movie on filmed with digital video by means of high-resolution cameras. Picture transition from one scene to another wherein the new scene is revealed by a moving line or pattern. Music or music libraries in which a one-time fee enables the buyer to legally use the music in many productions without paying additional licensing or "needle drop" fees. Overcast daylight is higher. Video signal in which luminance and synch information are recorded separately from the color information. (See CHROMA CORRECTOR). We tell the stories of its most important institutions, its most dedicated educators, and its most brilliant innovators. NOTE: Very often with video,color grading and color correcting are used interchangeably. More edits are made, and a new draft is delivered for inspection. Sometimes, during video editing*, it is often necessary to separate the audio from the video signal. There is no D4 format. In simplest form, simulates a window shade being drawn. Also called a "burn in." A 5:1 compression requires more storage space, but yields better quality than a 10:1 compression. A method of making a film copy of a television program in the days before the existence of Video Recorders. Everything that happens on set – from carrying in the gear, setting up the lights, applying make-up to the talent, rolling the cameras – all of it falls into the production bucket. Adjusting camera focus to emphasize desired subject(s) in a shot. More accurately known as Pregap 1 or Pregap 2. [See Hi8. Camcorder's diaphragm lens opening or aperture, regulates amount of light entering camera. (Radio Frequency) Combination of audio and video signals coded as a channel number, necessary for television broadcasts as well as some closed-circuit distribution. Video image aberration seen as slight, fast vertical or horizontal shifting of a picture or portion of one. Wow, have things changed. Whether you are looking for Professional Video, Broadcast or High Definition (Why HD? What drives each different script is the fact that the script must lay out what will be said, how (scripted or interview) and by whom.