Twenty-two arrested over Thailand trafficking as authorities continue to ignore official involvement in trade. Copyright © 2020 IPL.org All rights reserved. Requiring victims to remain in shelters longer than necessary, combined with the restrictions on their movement and communication during shelter stays, likely contributed to some victims’ re-traumatization and inhibited their ability to earn an income. These children are particularly vulnerable to the risks of exploitation and human trafficking. Some are paid little or irregularly, incur debts from brokers and employers, work as much as 18 to 20 hours per day for seven days a week, and without adequate food, water or medical supplies. Thailand's relative prosperity attracts migrants from neighboring countries who flee conditions of poverty and, in the case of Burma, military repression. The government worked with an NGO shelter in South Korea to provide assistance to Thai sex trafficking victims. Officials conducted numerous outreach activities to raise awareness of trafficking among school children, teachers, and community leaders. However, first responders, prosecutors, and judges sometimes did not properly interpret or apply trafficking laws, especially for labor trafficking. In addition, the government coordinated with foreign governments to deny entry to known sex offenders. Most victims of human trafficking in Thailand are, in fact, of Thai nationality – The majority of trafficking victims identified in Thailand are Thai nationals, trafficked both domestically and internationally. The frequent rotation of police officers also meant officers with experience working trafficking cases were rotated out of their positions, and often replaced with inexperienced officers. For example, they reported officials allowing employers of potential victims to be present during victim interviews, some MDT interviews involved an excessive number of officials, and insufficient coordination between officials during interviews. In addition, observers reported labor officials interviewed workers in the presence of their employers, brokers, and armed police at post-arrival centers, which may have deterred workers from reporting exploitation. Over 900 human trafficking survivors have been rescued in Thailand so far this year, a figure set to cement 2019 as the nation’s worst for the illegal trade on record. Through government-to-government formal migration channels, the government assisted 11,886 Thais to obtain employment abroad in 2019, including by providing job placement assistance. During the reporting period, law enforcement increasingly conflated trafficking and smuggling crimes, and local observers reported that pressure from Royal Thai Police (RTP) leadership to provincial police to increase the number of trafficking cases resulted in police, sometimes knowingly, identifying cases of migrant smuggling as trafficking. Exploring Child Trafficking. Global Citizen campaigns to end extreme poverty — which is usually a contributing factor as to why people seek to relocate. It must start with our respective selves, our families, the communities where we belong and eventually spread to our city, municipality, province, region and the country as a, The nation of Indonesia is a nation that has the dignity and self-respect of the nation is high so don't get this nation was broken just because the negative influences of foreign parties that want to destroy our nation's next generation of mental. The government reported that for the first time, two victims successfully received court-ordered restitution from their traffickers; nonetheless, the execution of court orders to pay restitution for victims remained ineffective, particularly for non-Thai victims. Traffickers increasingly induce young Thai girls and boys to perform sex acts through videos and photos on the internet, sometimes by blackmailing victims with explicit images. Some local police reportedly withhold information from prosecutors to protect traffickers. THAIlAND HuMAN TRAFFICkING DATAsHEET ANTI-TRAFFICkING lAws & GuIDElINEs In June 2008, Thailand enacted the Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act (B.E. Besides this Act, there are several other laws which criminalise human trafficking activities and offences, including: • Labour Protection Act (2008) • Child Protection Act (2003) Thus the police should change their perception on assuming they have control over everything whereby police find it difficult to consult and if does happen, they consult only selected groups, Police should also allow the separation of their work with community to ease the task of crime prevention. Hence, the law must control the conditions in which a person may be deprived of his right to life. Jonathan Head has spent six months investigating the trafficking of humans in Thailand. The USAID Thailand Counter Trafficking in Persons Project (USAID Thailand CTIP) works to reduce trafficking in persons (TIP) and better protect the rights of trafficked persons in Thailand by reducing demand and incentives for using trafficked labor, empowering at-risk populations to safeguard their rights, and strengthening protection systems for survivors. Photo courtesy of Dorthea Shultz and Shear Love International Members of ethnic minorities, highland persons, and stateless persons in Thailand have experienced instances of abuse indicative of trafficking. Various waterways along with porous borders also facilitate trafficking. The government also maintained bilateral MOUs with neighboring countries to recruit migrant workers to Thailand, and 413,536 workers were recruited through this system in 2019. Sex education is the major vaccine to reduce, control and curb sex crimes, hence denying it for selfish reasons is something foolish to do. Despite making amendments to the Criminal Procedure Code in March 2019 that would enable courts to immediately dismiss cases filed with dishonest intent or to intimidate the defendants, as well as amendments in February 2019 that strengthened the rights of defendants in cases where their employers filed criminal defamation charges, the government did not report utilizing these amendments to drop criminal defamation charges pursued against advocates during the reporting period. The trafficking litigation unit of the Office of the Attorney General (OAG) did not find sufficient evidence of trafficking in approximately 18 percent of cases with arrested suspects referred to the unit by law enforcement in 2019, which was an increase compared to nine percent in 2018 and two percent in 2017. The government did not report investigating employers who illegally charged fees to such migrant workers. Thailand's reliance on migrant workers and reported abuses in several export-oriented industries has heightened international and domestic attention to trafficking … NGOs and international organizations widely reported the government did not adequately enforce minimum wage laws and lacked legislation mandating minimum wages in sectors with high employment of migrant workers, such as seasonal agriculture. • Continue to support the development of victim-centric and trauma-informed approaches among judges overseeing trafficking cases. Seventy-nine percent of all global trafficking is … However, organized trafficking groups such as the yakuza in Japan and Russian gangs have slowly emerged in the country. Labor traffickers exploit Thai and migrant workers in commercial fishing and related industries, the poultry industry, manufacturing, agriculture, domestic work, and street begging. Effective implementation of identification procedures by MDTs continued to be inconsistent. The government did not report how many victims it permitted to work outside shelters in 2019—compared to 65 in 2018 and 149 in 2017. MSDHS operated 76 short-stay shelters and nine long-term regional trafficking shelters, including four dedicated to adult male victims and families, four for female victims, and one for male child victims. In August 2019, the government approved the extension of stay for Cambodian, Laotian, and Burmese workers who obtained legal work permits through the nationality verification process, which allowed undocumented workers to obtain identity documents without leaving Thailand, by two years. Thailand is recognized as a key destination for human trafficking in the Mekong region, in addition to being a source and transit country for forced labour and sex trafficking. Human traffickers arrested in Thailand crackdown. The government reported investigating 76 potential cases of labor trafficking—including four cases involving the fishing sector—compared to 43 in 2018. MDTs were also sometimes reluctant to make identifications unless a case was likely to result in a successful prosecution. In addition, some officials did not routinely identify victims who initially consented to travel to Thailand or consented to work in the industry in which they were later exploited. The DSI is responsible for complex cases, trans-national cases, and cases involving organised crime and influential figures. Following the Anti-TIP Act, Thailand published its National Policy Strategies and Measures to Prevent and Suppress TIP, intended to cover years 2011-2016. Bought and sold, consumed and exploited, demoralized and subjugated, human bodies, personhood, dignity and labor have become the most valuable, profitable and reusable products in the growing market of the modern day world. As established above, sex workers are prone to experience violence. Compassion Thailand realizes that child trafficking is a crucial issue that needs to be resolved immediately. It involves coercion, deception and even violence, depriving victims of human rights. Violence This inhumane exploitation affects not only the victim, but also their family, and the country as a whole. In addition, the government did not consistently provide repatriation assistance to victims who declined to participate in law enforcement investigations. From February to September 2019, PIPO centers conducted 53,860 inspections at-port and 6,605 at-sea and found 23 and 330 infringements, respectively. The government did not report how many restitution claims prosecutors filed on behalf of victims in 2019 (116 in 2018) but reported courts ordered 3.3 million baht ($110,850) in restitution for 14 victims in two cases in 2019. One of the greatest challenges in developing targeted counter-trafficking responses and measuring their impact is the lack of reliable, high-quality data related to the scale of human trafficking and the profile of victims. About 45 minutes outside of Pattaya, past shanties and roadside stalls selling mangos, I arrive at the Anti-Human Trafficking and Child Abuse Center. The government reported two new investigations of official complicity in 2019. By examining overall and specific causes of human trafficking, one can answer the reasons of Thailand’s status as the source, transit, and destination for forced labor and sex trafficking, which can lead to accurately appoint individuals or groups that are in danger of trafficking or being, Moreover, harsh punishment for the traffickers allowed victims get the legal rights and justice (Pescinski, 2015). BANGKOK: The number of human trafficking victims rescued in Thailand is set to hit a record high this year, according to government data, with … Officials continued to conflate trafficking and smuggling during the reporting period, effective victim identification remained inadequate, and the government did not provide adequate psycho-social care to victims or provide victims residing in government shelters sufficient freedom of movement. We believe that there are several areas that are ripe for a movement of God and that are currently being addressed by some of our own ministries. Among these, authorities identified only two cases involving labor violations, which involved failure to provide an employment contract and failure to pay workers’ wages via bank transfer. • Enforce regular payment of wages, requirements that employers pay recruitment fees of migrant workers, and the rights of employees to retain possession of their own identity and financial documents. The government opened two new child advocacy centers, which served as child-friendly spaces where law enforcement, NGOs, and social workers could conduct forensic interviews of child trafficking victims; this brought the total number of centers to seven. Thailand is home to some of the largest numbers of human trafficking victims in the world. Employers in fishing and seafood processing often made confusing wage deductions for documentation fees, advances, and other charges, making it difficult for workers to account for their wages accurately. In addition, government shelters often lacked sufficient numbers of interpreters, which weakened their ability to provide adequate services to victims. Measures should be taken to prevent arbitrary killing. In 2019, the MSDHS trafficking hotline received calls related to 162 possible trafficking cases, including 19 involving forced labor (139 cases in 2018); officials referred 106 of these cases to related authorities but only referred 28 to the police anti-trafficking division. Bar girls aren't the only commodity sex tourists seek in Thailand. Labor inspectors and members of the Royal Thai Navy screened migrant workers for trafficking during inspections, and were required to refer all potential trafficking victims to MDTs for formal identification and service referral. The OAG partnered with an NGO to organize trainings for prosecutors on trauma-informed procedures in trafficking cases and organized trainings on forced labor for police and prosecutors in southern and central Thailand. DSI is the main law enforcement agency that works on human trafficking cases and investigations in Thailand. In addition, law enforcement officials cooperated with foreign counterparts to investigate the trafficking of Thai victims abroad. Thus, to ensure a fair treatment for both trafficked and exploited, The main aim of legalisation is to protect social order. For ASEAN, human trafficking has been a constant thorn in the sides of its governments. AMHERST, N.Y. – While participating in a recent service learning opportunity in Thailand, Daemen College students experienced first-hand efforts to prevent human trafficking in a country where this remains a serious issue. • Increase efforts to ensure employers provide workers copies of contracts in a language they understand. The government provided approximately 2.44 million baht ($82,000) for witness protection services for 193 witnesses in trafficking cases in 2019, compared to 2.45 million baht ($82,290) for 15 witnesses in 2018. However, high costs, difficulties in obtaining identity documents in home countries, and other administrative barriers continued to impede greater usage of this mechanism and also resulted in workers’ reliance on brokers assistance. Authorities in Thailand rescued a total of 1,807 victims of human trafficking in 2019, a huge spike from 2018’s 622—and nearly double the previous record of 982, from 2015. The government found 2,333 businesses and employers guilty of employing migrant workers without valid work permits in 2018, a sharp increase compared to 716 in 2018; the government collected 16 million baht ($537,450) in fines from 586 of these employers. In Thailand, close to 40,000 children under the age of 16 are believed to be in the sex trade, working in clubs, bars, and brothels. Child prostitution in Thailand is a problem. In coordination with the Government of Cambodia, Thai agencies established standard operating procedures for repatriation and reintegration of victims between Cambodia and Thailand. Traffickers exploit some migrants in labor trafficking often through debt-based coercion, deceptive recruitment practices, retention of identity documents and ATM cards, illegal wage deductions, and other means. Local observers reported the anti-trafficking division of RTP sometimes referred trafficking cases to inexperienced local agencies or did not properly manage the oversight of cases investigated by suspected complicit local police. Instances of human trafficking, smuggling, abduction, and extortion of migrants occur as migrants move between Thailand and neighboring countries. 6:44 pm twenty four more. 2551 (2008), informally referred to as the Anti-Trafficking Act. The main piece of legislation in Thailand relating to human trafficking is the Prevention and Suppression of Human Trafficking Act, B.E. The decree prohibited employers from deducting more than 10 percent of workers’ monthly salaries for personal expenses and the retention of travel or other personal documents; the law prescribed penalties of fines ranging from 10,000-100,000 baht ($340-$3,360) and up to six months’ imprisonment for employers who violated these rules. Children from Thailand, Burma, Laos, and Cambodia are victims of sex trafficking in brothels, massage parlors, bars, karaoke lounges, hotels, and private residences. Despite the global reach of the, The paper will also demonstrate the need for a strong political will and firm determination of law enforcement officers to fight this crime, the need to have sufficient measures and incentives to persuade the victims to cooperate with law enforcement officers, and the need to enhance international cooperation in order to make the suppression of trafficking in persons an attainable goal. It involves an “act of recruiting, transporting, transferring, harbouring or receiving a person through the use of force, coercion or other means for the purpose of exploiting them” (UNODC, 2016). In 2019, DLPW conducted 2,116 inspections at high-risk workplaces, including sugarcane farms, garment factories, seafood processing facilities, pig farms, and poultry farms, finding 1,017 workplaces operating in violation of labor laws. Summary of Thailand’s Trafficking in Persons Progress Report 2015 (January – March 2016) Summary of Thailand’s Trafficking in Persons Report 2015. In 2008, Thailand passed the Anti-TIP Act, its founding legislation criminalizing human trafficking and providing for trafficking victims. In 2019, the government inspected 181 employment agencies that recruited Thai workers and found unlawful practices in four, resulting in license suspensions and revocations. The government reported labor inspectors conducted inspection of 146 establishments in border areas in 2019 and found 71 in violations of the law; however, the government did not report identifying any cases of trafficking through these efforts and only issued corrective orders in all but one case. The majority of those rescued were women, most of them trafficked for forced labor. Some government officials are directly complicit in trafficking crimes, including through accepting bribes or loans from business owners and brothels that exploit victims. In January and March 2020, MSDHS hosted a forum with NGOs, government agencies, international organizations, and the private sector to discuss anti-trafficking efforts and encourage increased collaboration; the government collected recommendations from participants at the January forum and presented them to the anti-trafficking committee in March. There are approximately 375,000 migrant children residing in Thailand. Thai authorities also worked with authorities in neighboring countries to enable testimony from witnesses outside of Thailand, although some local NGOs reported an unwillingness among local police and prosecutors to do so. Thailand's First Anti-Trafficking in Persons act, which prohibits the transfer, recruitment, and harboring of persons by means of force or threat with the aim of exploitation. Contacts reported shelters did not always provide victims with private counseling and instead relied on group counseling sessions with social workers. MSDHS shelters did not provide specialized care to boys and LGBTI victims; in addition, authorities did not maintain guidelines for determining where to place transgender victims and required some to stay in shelters based on their sex assigned at birth. The DSI conducts the investigations, makes arrests, and works with social workers on the cases. Sadly, human trafficking has been happening for way too long all around the world, but I am going to focus ni Thailand. Apart from raising awareness and organizing a fund raiser to be more aware and involved in the alleviation of human trafficking, actions should be taken to help the victims who got dragged into the dark side. The protection against arbitrary deprivation of life is non-derivable under international and regional human rights law. Jonathan Head has spent six months investigating the trafficking of humans in Thailand. Prosecutors and multi-disciplinary teams (MDTs) frequently looked for evidence of physical abuse, and cases of labor trafficking were frequently directed to labor courts rather than criminal prosecution. 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