(See above for examples.). Pronounced "koh-moh ehs-tahs" with the emphasis on the "koh" and the "tahs." When responding to this, you can re-use the verb va (it goes), from the infinitive ir (to go). The Spanish Language has two polar opposite sides: the formal and informal. But if you're curious, or if you're planning on learning Spanish, you may find them interesting to know. Whether you use tú or usted depends on a variety of different factors, but it can be a bit intimidating for English speakers used to addressing everybody as "you". for some examples of good responses. This might be tricky to keep track of, but if you practice enough, you’ll unconsciously start to realize what response sounds right and what sounds awkward. This type of greeting isn’t so different in Spanish, yet if you’ve ever spent more than five minutes in a Spanish classroom, you may think you’ve already learned everything about how to say “How are you?” in Spanish that there is to know. Give the program a try for an immersive experience that’ll get you speaking more like a native. Andar is a regular -ar verb, so its other conjugations are: You can respond to this in the same way you would respond to ¿Cómo estás? Spanish has formal and informal equivalents of "you," the choice varying with the nature of the relationship with the person or persons being spoken to. : Literally, and exactly, it means how are you. This greeting means “How are things?” Like the previous case, there is no need for conjugation here, since the verb van (they go) refers to the noun las cosas (the things). So, depending on who you’re speaking to, you may have to slightly adjust your conjugation. If you’re ever unsure about a slang term, language learner forums like the ones at WordReference can be great resources. Translate Formal. Those who know etymology, the study of word origins, think the word goes back to at least the 14th century, before English and Spanish existed in their current form. Of course, if you’re in a formal situation or talking to more than one person, you’ll want to substitute tú for usted, ustedes or vosotros where appropriate. This is the construction you’ll want to use when talking to colleagues, higher-ups, professors, anyone much older than you or anyone you encounter in a very formal setting. Learning Spanish becomes fun and easy when you learn with movie trailers, music videos, news and inspiring talks. Even your career can receive a boost if you learn how to speak the language. They aren’t just simple questions—in fact, sometimes they aren’t really questions at all—but variations on a very commonplace greeting. Formal commands should be used when you are talking with somebody you don't know very well or someone you want to express your respect (the elderly, your boss) or your politeness (strangers, doctors, etc). In case you are not sure whether you should use a formal or an informal command, use the formal one. Across Latin America, ustedes can be used in formal or informal situations. koh-moh ehs-tahs. And you?). (informal) FluentU takes real-world videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons. Of course greetings are just the tip of the iceberg, but you have to start somewhere! with “Nothing much” or any variant thereof. Formal forms. We also participate in other affiliate advertising programs for products and services we believe in. ¿Y tú?”. A normal response would be some variant of Nada or Lo normal. Spanish-speakers are all over the world. Instead, respond with an adjective—bien, mal, regular, genial, terrible, etc.—like you would respond to ¿Cómo estás? It would be a little awkward to use this greeting in the usted form since it’s so informal—but here are all of the conjugations just in case. ¿Cómo estás? This can help you avoid offense. For the most part, formal greetings are used when you’re speaking with someone older than yourself, someone you don’t know, or someone of higher status. If somebody asks you this, you can respond with a simple Bien (good) or Mal (bad), or you can make a full sentence such as: Las cosas van bien. One set is used for informal, friendly situations and the other is used to show a greater amount of respect in formal situations. Forvo is a great resource with crowd-sourced pronunciations provided by native speakers. However, in Spanish, you won't use ser or estar (to be) to say your age. - How old are you? 40+ Colorful Spanish Physical Adjectives to Describe Anyone, Learn Spanish Grammar and Vocabulary with These 12 Catchy Songs, 19 Superb Sites for Spanish Listening Practice to Amp Up Your Skills, 12 of the Best Websites to Learn Spanish for Absolute Mastery, 8 Intermediate Online Courses to Lift Your Spanish to New Heights. (Things are going well. Finally, it’s good to expand your vocabulary because—duh!—native speakers will use these phrases when they talk to you! They (all female group) speak Spanish. Are you conducting business? Want to see these in action? Unclear on how to pronounce any of the words in this post? If you’re traveling in one of the world’s many Spanish-speaking countries, or meeting a Spanish speaker anywhere for that matter, you need to be able to say “Hello” in Spanish, as well as some other Spanish greetings. Learning alternate greetings can allow you to vary your tone to suit more formal or casual situations. (formal) I'm fine, thank you. - How old is your sister? You can think of it as a shortening of ¿Qué hay de nuevo? You wouldn’t just repeat “How are you?” over and over again in your native language, and there’s no reason to do so in Spanish. ¿Y tú? ¿Qué edad tienes? The verb andar means “to walk” or “to go,” so this greeting is similar to the English “How’s it going?” It’s slightly more casual and slangy than the basic ¿Cómo estás? koh-moh ehs-tah oos-tehd. This super informal greeting literally translates to “What is there?” and should only be used in very casual, friendly situations. But why stop there? Ko-Mo Eh-Sta U-Stead This is a more formal way of asking how are you in Spanish. You can replace bien or mal with any other appropriate adjective you can think of. Click here to get a copy. Why do some languages have both formal and informal 'you's? This greeting is quite slangy. How are you? It’s another super colloquial way to ask “What’s up?” or “What’s going on?”. An answer like Bien (good), Bastante bien (pretty good) or Muy bien (very good) is appropriate. Just like tú in the example above, these pronouns are optional and do not affect the meaning of the sentence. In Spanish there are two ways of saying "you": There's the informal form, tú and the more formal usted (often abbreviated as Ud.) Unless you have a close friend relationship, I’d avoid going less formal than buenas. Translate How are you(formal). English Translation. Formal vs. Not to mention, learning slangy alternatives to common phrases can be a lot of fun. Learn Spanish greetings and so much more with FluentU. The most basic greeting that you would use to ask “How are you?” to one person, in an informal setting, is: A slight variation on this greeting is ¿Cómo estás tú? It’s also just not realistic to assume that all your Spanish conversations with native speakers will go this way. ), This is an informal greeting to be used among friends in a casual setting. (What’s new?). Use this greeting when talking to a stranger, someone much older than you or someone in a position of superiority. That means you get to see real interactions and conversations between native Spanish speakers. For each of these greetings, I’ll let you know how to politely respond. You wouldn’t greet your best friend the same way you would greet a client, right? This is a formal way of asking how someone is feeling. In some South American countries, always use this one to be on the safe side. This means exactly the same thing, but includes the optional pronoun tú (you). [literally: what’s going on?]) Informal “You” The chart above showing tú and vosotros as the second-person pronouns is a bit of an oversimplification. Here are seven different ways in which you can say ‘How are you?’ in Spanish: ¿Qué pasa? If you’d like to say “Hi, how are you?” in Spanish, you can use “*Hola, ¿cómo estás?” (informal/singular).If you are greeting someone in a more formal setting, you’ll want to use “Hola, ¿cómo está?” (formal/singular).If you are talking to multiple people, you’d say “Hola, ¿cómo están? In this case, the important verb is estar (to be). Buenas tardes is used after midday usually until the sun goes down. how are you An informal greeting, not requiring a literal response. It’s also better to use “How are you?” when you don’t know the correspondent very well—it’s generic enough to be considered a polite (if rather meaningless) gesture. FluentU is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Formal, to open regarding something you have seen from the company you are contacting (Fine, thanks. Hola – Hello in Spanish In Spanish, the way you conjugate a verb changes depending on how many people you’re addressing, and on whether you’re in a formal or informal situation. https://www.wikihow.com/Say-How-Are-You-in-Spanish, https://www.spanishdict.com/translate/how%20are%20you%20(formal), https://www.spanishdict.com/translate/How%20are%20you%3F, https://www.wikihow.com/Sample/Ways-to-Say-How-Are-You-in-Spanish, https://www.linguajunkie.com/spanish/how-are-you-in-spanish, http://www.howdoyousay.net/english-spanish/How_are_you/, https://www.spanishdict.com/answers/207174/how-would-you-say-how-are-you, https://www.theclassroom.com/how-to-say-how-are-you-in-spanish-8422336.html, https://www.mimicmethod.com/common-spanish-phrases-to-master-your-first-conversation-with-a-native-speaker/, https://www.thoughtco.com/formal-and-informal-you-spanish-3079379, https://www.thespanishexperiment.com/learn-spanish/formal-informal, https://spanish.yourdictionary.com/spanish-language/learning-spanish/spanish-forms-of-address.html, https://courses.lumenlearning.com/atd-baycollege-spanish1/chapter/formal-vs-informal-you/, https://www.spanishdict.com/guide/you-in-spanish, https://www.speakinglatino.com/greetings-in-spanish-infographic/, https://www.spanish.academy/blog/formal-vs-informal/, https://study.com/academy/lesson/formal-greetings-in-spanish-words-phrases.html, https://spanishtutoring.com/spanish-greetings/, How to find out if my iphone is under warranty, How to open combination lock without code, The Price of Inequality: How Toda… how to, Clay County Clerk of the Circuit Court how to. (used to address one person) a. Spanish words for you are include eres, es, sois, estarcís, torráis, estacás, ventáis, cebáis, estufás and segáis. Again, no conjugations to worry about here. Fine, thanks. In this post, you’ll learn eight other ways to say “How are you?” in Spanish that are a little more exciting. (If you’re unclear on verb conjugation, check out this basic guide to conjugating the Spanish present tense.). Used when talking to someone you know ¿Cómo te va? The truth is that there are two sets of second-person pronouns in Spanish. (informal) Fine, and you? phrase. How Are You In Spanish Formal. In Spanish there are two ways of saying "you": There's the informal form, tú and the more formal usted (often abbreviated as Ud.) Download: This is a totally fine exchange, and it’ll suffice as a simple greeting. See 7 authoritative translations of Formal in English with example sentences, phrases and audio pronunciations. - How old are you? It’s usually reserved for older people of those of authority as a sign of respect. To respond, you can say Va todo ___, filling in whatever adjective suits your mood. In this case, to change the greeting you’ll have to change the indirect object pronoun from te to le, les or os. The next time you have to greet someone in Spanish, move out of your comfort zone! 3- ¿Qué tal? It’s the same in Spanish—different greetings sound more natural in different company. When speaking to someone older than you or to someone you want to show your respect, you should use usted forms: But when you’re talking with strangers or acquaintances, it’s good to know how to give a noncommittal response like “It’s all good” or “Oh, nothing much.”. It's the reason why learning it as a second language can be beneficial in various aspects of your life. 2- ¿Cómo están? 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Speech in Spanish respond with something like Bien ( very good ) or Muy (...