Females are kept with other females, in groups, while males tend to be separated from their mothers at a young age, and are kept apart. Interval between births was estimated at 3.9 to 4.7 years in Hwange National Park. The elephant's brain is similar to a human brain in terms of structure and complexity; the elephant's cortex has as many neurons as that of a human brain,[42] suggesting convergent evolution. [31] [13] The African bush elephant's ears are pointed and triangular shaped. [51] [58], The first continental elephant census was carried out in 1976. [15] They are all considered synonymous with the African bush elephant.[1]. However, this can depend on the ranking of the male within their group, as higher-ranking males maintain a higher rate of reproduction. Afrikaans Translation. The population in the Tanzanian Selous Game Reserve, once the largest of any reserve in the world, dropped from 109,000 in 1976 to 13,000 in 2013. [78] The animal's religious importance is mostly totemic. Its sturdy tusks are curved out and point forward. On average, males are about 3.20 m (10.5 ft) tall at the shoulder and weigh 6.0 t (6.6 short tons), while females are much smaller at about 2.60 m (8.53 ft) tall at the shoulder and 3.0 t (3.3 short tons) in weight. The longest known tusk of an African bush elephant measured 3.51 m (11.5 ft) and weighed 117 kg (258 lb). New Names to the African Name Web Site. [14], The African bush elephant is the largest and heaviest land animal on Earth, with a maximum recorded shoulder height of an adult bull of 3.96 m (13.0 ft) and an estimated weight of up to 10.4 t (11.5 short tons). [79], In 1996, IUCN Red List assessors for the African bush elephant considered the species Endangered. During the first three years, male calves spend more time suckling and grow faster than female calves. Elephants replace their teeth four to six times in their lifetimes. This is the same concept as a radar dish: the larger the dish, the more sound waves it can intercept. This trend was curtailed by raising penalties for poaching and improving law enforcement. [74], In 2019, the export of wild African elephants to zoos around the world was banned, with an exception added by the EU to allow export in "exceptional cases where … it is considered that a transfer to ex-situ locations will provide demonstrable in-situ conservation benefits for African elephants". ", "The ivory trade and elephant conservation", "Le braconnage et la population d'éléphants au Parc National de Zakouma (Tchad)", "Tanzania elephant population declined by 60% in five years, census reveals", "Elephants Dying in Epic Frenzy as Ivory Fuels Wars and Profits", "Poaching behind worst African elephant losses in 25 years", "China and US agree on ivory ban in bid to end illegal trade globally", "Elephants still at risk with Laos replacing China as ivory market", "Status and trends of the ivory trade in Africa, 1989–1999", "African Elephant Specialist Group report", "Near-total ban imposed on sending wild African elephants to zoos", "383. Because of this muscular structure, the trunk is so strong that elephants can use it for lifting about 3% of their own body weight. [12] [44], Spermatogenesis starts when bulls are about 15 years old. The tusks erupt when elephants are 1–3 years old and grow throughout life. While females are the most active members of African elephant groups, both male and female elephants are capable of distinguishing between hundreds of different low frequency infrasonic calls to communicate with and identify each other. [66], During the 20th century, the African bush elephant population was severely decimated. As a result of the trade ban, African elephant populations recovered in Southern African range countries. [13], Gene flow between the two African elephant species was examined at 21 locations. The first scientific description of the African elephant was written in 1797 by Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, who proposed the scientific name Elephas africanus. 5. A group of 80 elephants including eight bulls had gathered in the morning in a 150 m (490 ft) radius around the birth site. [39] Bulls begin to experience musth by the age of 24 years. It is suspected that they died after eating the poisoned carcasses of 3 elephants. On 20 June 2019, the carcasses of 468 white-backed vultures, 17 white-headed vultures, 28 hooded vultures, 14 lappet-faced vultures and 10 cape vultures, altogether 537 endangered vultures, besides 2 tawny eagles, were found in northern Botswana. [78], The African bush elephants has been listed on Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora since 1989. [66] The International Union for Conservation of Nature released a report in September 2016 that estimates Africa's elephant population at 415,000. [28] Tushes reach a length of 5 cm (2 in). [48], African bush elephants mate during the rainy season. [10], Skulls of African bush elephant (left) and African forest elephant (right), Skull of a male African bush elephant on display at the Museum of Osteology, Oklahoma City, Skeleton of a female African bush elephant on display at the Museum of Osteology, Oklahoma City, The African bush elephant has grey skin with scanty hairs. [54] Bigger males tend to sire bigger offspring. Cows are 2.2–2.6 m (7.2–8.5 ft) tall at the shoulder and weigh 2,160–3,232 kg (4,762–7,125 lb), while bulls are 3.2–4 m (10–13 ft) tall and weigh 4,700–6,048 kg (10,362–13,334 lb). Loxodonta is one of two extant genera of the family Elephantidae. Since 2004, it has been assessed Vulnerable, as the global population was estimated to be increasing at a rate of 4% per year. [25], The African bush elephant is the largest terrestrial animal. [77] Neurotoxins produced by the cyanobacteria caused calves and adult elephants to wander around confused, emaciated and in distress. [40], African elephants are highly intelligent. Find … [59] Males over the age of 25 compete strongly for females in estrus, and are more successful the larger and more aggressive they are. Mean weight of tusks at the age of 60 years is 109 kg (240 lb) in bulls, and 17.7 kg (39.0 lb) in cows. Adults reach up to 24 feet in length and 13 feet in height and weigh up to 11 tons. [75] It is thought that wild bush elephants can contract fatal tuberculosis from humans. According to Schulte, in the 1990s, in North America, a few facilities allowed male interaction. Playback of the recorded sounds of angry honey bees has been found to be remarkably effective at prompting elephants to flee an area. [39] The large size and hindgut of the African elephant also allows for digestion of various plant parts, including fibrous stems, bark and roots. Females are a scarce and mobile resource for the males so there is intense competition to gain access to estrous females. As a result, human-elephant conflict has increased. The carrying capacity of remaining suitable habitats was estimated at 8,985,000 elephants at most by 1987. This elephant name generator will generate 10 names which will generally fit elephants and other large mammals, like hippos and rhinos. The largest recorded individual stood 3.96 metres (13.0 ft) at the shoulder, and is estimated to have weighed 10,400 kg (22,900 lb). This name refers to the lozenge -shaped enamel of the molar teeth, which differs significantly from the shape of the Asian elephant's molar enamel. Hunting elephants is banned in the Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Gabon, Côte d'Ivoire, and Senegal. [a] The animal is believed to evoke strength, royal legacy, and enduring memory as related by the proverbs: "There where the elephant passes in the forest, one knows" and "The animal steps on the ground, but the elephant steps down with strength. [53] [67] Poaching of the elephant has dated back all the way to the years of 1970 and 1980, which was considered the largest killings in history. This database includes results from aerial surveys, dung counts, interviews with local people and data on poaching. Its large ears cover the whole shoulder,[11] and can grow as large as 2 m × 1.5 m (6.6 ft × 4.9 ft). The African forest elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis), which lives in rainforests, was recognized as a separate species in 2000 and is smaller than the savanna elephant. [21] [28], The African forest elephant is smaller with male shoulder heights of up to 2.5 metres (8.2 ft). After puberty, male elephants tend to form close alliances with other males. In Chad's Zakouma National Park, more than 3,200 elephants were killed between 2005 and 2010. After this period, cows reject male calves more frequently from their nipples than female calves. Between 1976 and 1980, about 830 t (820 long tons; 910 short tons) raw ivory was exported from Africa to Hong Kong and Japan, equivalent to tusks of about 222,000 African elephants. Generally speaking, elephants are broadly classified as either Loxodonta africana, if African, or Elephas maximus, if Asian. The divergence between the Asian elephant and the woolly mammoths is estimated 2.5 – 5.4 million years ago, which strongly supports their status as distinct species. When old and high-ranking bulls in musth threaten and chase young musth bulls, the latter either leave the group or their musth ceases. Elephas africanus was the scientific name proposed by Johann Friedrich Blumenbach in 1797. By 2014 it was estimated that only 50,000 elephants remained in Central Africa. To supplement their diet with minerals, they congregate at mineral-rich water-holes, termite mounds and mineral licks. African Elephant (Loxodonta africana)", "Elephant: The Animal and Its Ivory in African Culture", "Elephant Figure | Fon peoples | The Met", "Elephant caves" of Mt Elgon National Park, EIA 25 yrs investigating the ivory trade, reports etc, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=African_elephant&oldid=999126252, National symbols of the Central African Republic, National symbols of the Republic of the Congo, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2019, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from ARKive, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 16:39. [24], The dental formula of elephants is 1.0.3.30.0.3.3 × 2 = 26. [30] A 2020 study highlighted the importance of old bulls for the navigation and survival of herds and raised concerns over the removal of old bulls as "currently occur[ring] in both legal trophy hunting and illegal poaching". They use it for smelling, touching, feeding, drinking, dusting, sound production, loading, defending and attacking. Dig into and choose from MomJunction’s treasure of 70,000+ baby names that are divided based on meaning, religion, origin, English alphabet, and gender. [38], While feeding, the African elephant uses its trunk to pluck leaves and its tusk to tear at branches, which can cause enormous damage to foliage. [22] Tusks are used for digging for roots and stripping the bark from trees for food, for fighting each other during mating season, and for defending themselves against predators. The park did not have sufficient guards to combat poaching, and their weapons were outdated. They begin to dribble urine, initially as discrete drops and later in a regular stream. If you don’t discover a name you like, please review the 5,508 names in The African Book of Names or try our African Name Generator. 287). [23], The dental formula of the African bush elephant is 1.0.3.30.0.3.3 × 2 = 26. In both sites, elephants aggregated during the wet season, whereas groups were smaller in the dry season. It is a herbivore, feeding on grasses, creepers, herbs, leaves and bark. Livraison 52 et 53", "Geographische Abarten des Afrikanischen Elefanten". African forest elephants occur only in Central Africa. AFRICAN NAMES. African bush elephant (Loxodonta africana) African forest elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis) African elephants typically live in herds of 3 to 25 elephants. They reported that in the past decade, this is a decline of 111,000 elephants. "Living African elephants belong to two species: "Genetic Evidence for Two Species of Elephant in Africa", "Proboscidean Mitogenomics: Chronology and Mode of Elephant Evolution Using Mastodon as Outgroup", "Genomic DNA sequences from mastodon and woolly mammoth reveal deep speciation of forest and savanna elephants", "Reconciling Apparent Conflicts between Mitochondrial and Nuclear Phylogenies in African Elephants", "The Ears as a Race-Character in the African Elephant", "Four new species of Elephantidae from the Plio-Pleistocene of northwestern Kenya", "Cytonuclear genomic dissociation in African elephant species", "Palaeogenomes of Eurasian straight-tusked elephants challenge the current view of elephant evolution", "General information on elephants with emphasis on tusks", "Shoulder height, body mass and shape of proboscideans", "Forest elephant videos, photos and facts – Loxodonta cyclotis", "Secrets of male elephant society revealed in the wild", "The maximum attainable body size of herbivorous mammals: morphophysiological constraints on foregut, and adaptations of hindgut fermenters", "Selective feeding by a megaherbivore, the African elephant ( Loxodonta africana )", "Phylogenomic analyses reveal convergent patterns of adaptive evolution in elephant and human ancestries", "Elephants know when they need assistance in a cooperative task", "In Africa, Decoding the 'Language' of Elephants", "Elephants Outwit Humans During Intelligence Test". [31], The African bush elephant is herbivorous. One cow seemed to assist her. Habitat and Range The habitat of the elephant varies from rain forests to semi-desert regions. [18] elephant. Tusks are composed of dentin, which forms small diamond-shaped structures in the tusk's center that become larger at its periphery. [20] [62] Ceballos, G.; Ehrlich, A. H.; Ehrlich, P. R. (2015). [47] [3], The trunk is a prehensile elongation of the upper lip and nose. African names represent ancestral meanings from the first tribes on the planet to modern day societies. According to Rowland Ward’s records, the heaviest tusk of an African elephant weighed an astonishing 226lb (102.5kg), the heaviest tusk of a woolly mammoth weighed 201lb (91.2kg) and the heaviest tusk of an Asiatic elephant weighed 161lb (73kg). To round things out, we include a list of 17 characters from Lion King translated from Swahili to English. Tusks of bulls grow faster than tusks of females. Within five years, more than 3,200 elephants were killed. The African elephant (Loxodonta) is a genus comprising two living elephant species, the African bush elephant (L. africana) and the smaller African forest elephant (L. cyclotis). Older bulls are in musth for 2–5 months every year. The government of Tanzania estimated that more than 85,000 elephants were lost to poaching in Tanzania between 2009 and 2014, representing a 60% loss. [21], African elephants have grey folded skin up to 30 mm (1.2 in) thick that is covered with sparse bristled dark-brown to black hair. More Afrikaans words for elephant. Fossil remains of Loxodonta species have been excavated in Africa, dating to the Middle Pliocene. [37], The bulls were believed to be solitary animals, becoming independent once reaching maturity. An anonymous author used the Latinized spelling Loxodonta in 1827. [73], In 2005, the West African Elephant Memorandum of Understanding was signed by 12 West African countries. Loxodonta ( genus) The African elephant belongs to the genus Loxodonta and it comprises two extant species:-. [31] Human encroachment into natural areas where bush elephants occur or their increasing presence in adjacent areas has spurred research into methods of safely driving groups of elephants away from humans. With a mass of just over 5 kg (11 lb), the elephant brain is larger than that of any other terrestrial animal. [26][27] The tallest recorded individual stood 4.21 m (13.8 ft) at the shoulder and weighed 8,000 kg (18,000 lb). The park did not have sufficient guards to combat poaching, and their weapons were outdated. [3][15][16][17] Elephants attain their maximum stature when they complete the fusion of long-bone epiphyses, occurring in males around the age of 40 and females around the age of 25. The population of African elephants in Southern Africa is large and expanding, with more than 300,000 within the region; Botswana has 200,000 and Zimbabwe 80,000. [46] Where hunting pressure on adult elephants was high in the 1970s, cows gave birth once in 2.9 to 3.8 years. Its diet consists mainly of grasses, creepers and herbs. • Guruvayur Keshavan, an Indian elephant which was associated with the Guruvayur temple in Kerala, India. Elephant wall at Ruwanwelisaya, Sri Lanka (Credit: JTB Photo/UIG via Getty Images) Another famed ancient elephant was… About 70% of its range is located outside protected areas. In Tsavo East and Tsavo West National Parks, groups are bigger in the rainy season and in areas with open vegetation. Brown; Grey; Skin Type Leather Top Speed 25 mph Lifespan 60 - 70 years Weight 3,600kg - 5,400kg (7,900lbs - 12,000lbs) [20] [19], Both sexes have tusks, which erupt when they are 1–3 years old and grow throughout life. In the 1980s, it was difficult to carry out systematic surveys in several East African range countries due to civil wars. [64] Saying elephant in European Languages [57] Captive-born calves weigh between 100 and 120 kg (220 and 260 lb) at birth and gain about 0.5 kg (1.1 lb) weight per day. After the introduction of ten bulls, each up to 45 years old, the number of rhinos killed by elephants decreased considerably. [55] Its generation length is 25 years. [1], A genetic study based on mitogenomic analysis revealed that the African and Asian elephant genetically diverged about 7.6 million years ago. About 10,370 tusks were confiscated in Singapore, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Philippines, Thailand, Malaysia, Kenya and Uganda between 2007 and 2013. Wild cat. Baby elephants are cute and cuddly in spite of their huge size. [1], Elephas (Loxodonta) cyclotis was proposed by Paul Matschie in 1900, who described three African elephant zoological specimens from Cameroon whose skulls differed in shape from elephant skulls collected elsewhere in Africa. It is threatened foremost by habitat destruction, and in parts of its range also by poaching for meat and ivory. 60 to 70 years. [30] The calves are cared for by their mother and other young females in the group, known as allomothering.[32]. Their tips bear a conical layer of enamel that is usually worn off when the elephant is five years old. They guard and mate with females in estrus who stay closer to bulls in musth than to non-musth bulls. Once they choose their mating partners, they stay away from other bulls that are threatened and chased away by the favoured bull. A similar creature goes by other names in other parts of Africa. The African and Asian Elephants and mammoths belong to the order Proboscidea. Phylogenetic analysis of nuclear DNA of African bush and forest elephants, Asian elephant, woolly mammoth and American mastodon revealed that the African bush elephant and the African forest elephant form a sister group that genetically diverged at least 1.9 million years ago. [55] Wild males begin breeding in their thirties when they are at a size and weight that is competitive with other adult males. Iain Douglas-Hamilton, who observed African bush elephants for 4.5 years in Lake Manyara National Park, coined the term 'kinship group' for two or more family units that have close ties. [70], In 1989, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora listed the African elephant on CITES Appendix I. This name refers to the lozenge-shaped enamel of the molar teeth, which differs significantly from the rounded shape of the Asian elephant's molar enamel. Adults can consume up to 150 kg (330 lb) per day. Most were killed at night, and hunts occurred more often during waning moon nights than during bright moon nights. olifant. This leads males to compete with each other to mate, which results in the females mating with older, healthier males. [66], The social behavior of elephants in captivity mimics that of those in the wild. Anthrax killed over 100 elephants in Botswana in 2019. The African elephant is the world’s largest land animal and they can be more than 7 metres long, 3 metres high and the biggest of the species can weigh more than 6 tonnes! Loxodonte was latinized to Loxodonta … During the 10th century AD, the people of Igbo-Ukwu, near the Niger Delta, buried their leaders with elephant tusks.[80]. In the 1970s and 1980s, the price for ivory rose, and poaching for ivory increased in particular in Central African range countries where access to elephant habitats was facilitated by logging and petroleum mining industries. [67] Deaths caused by browsing on rubber vine, an invasive alien plant, have been reported. The dental alveoli of the last molars are visible by the age of 26–28 years. However, genetic research has found that subspecies exist in both groups and the scientific, or taxonomic, name is therefore not so simple to discern. Their thickset bodies rest on stocky legs. Cows lactate for about 4.8 years. There are two subspecies of African elephants—the Savanna (or bush) elephant and the Forest elephant. She kept standing while giving birth. [54], The maximum lifespan of the African bush elephant is between 70 and 75 years. [63] [76][77] It is also praised for its size, longevity, stamina, mental faculties, cooperative spirit, and loyalty. Male reproductive success is maximal in mid-adulthood and then begins to decline. Savanna elephants are larger than forest elephants, and their tusks curve outwards. [20] Tusks grow from deciduous teeth known as tushes that develop in the upper jaw and consist of a crown, root and pulpal cavity, which are completely formed soon after birth. Between the late 18th and 20th centuries, the following extinct African elephants were described on the basis of fossil remains: Analysis of nuclear DNA sequences indicates that the genetic divergence between African bush and forest elephants dates 2.6 – 5.6 million years ago. They attacked and fed on elephants when smaller prey species were scarce. Male African elephants can reach 14,000 pounds and 13 feet in height. [22] Elephants have four molars; each weighs about 5 kg (11 lb) and measures about 30 cm (12 in) long. Common Name African Bush Elephant Number Of Species 1 Location central and southern Africa Slogan Can drink up to 50 gallons a day Group Mammal. The elephants collapsed when the toxin impaired their motor functions and their legs became paralysed. [5] Anonymous was recognized as authority by the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature in 1999. Southern Africa (Tsonga) IMFEZI … This unusual behavior was attributed to their young age and inadequate socialisation; they were 17–25-year-old orphans from culled families that grew up without the guidance of dominant bulls. Post sexual maturity, males begin to experience musth, a physical and behavioral condition that is characterized by elevated testosterone, aggression and more sexual activity. They live on plains and in mountains up to about 15,000 feet (5,000 m). This is the translation of the word "elephant" to over 100 other languages. [76] Infection of the vital organs by Citrobacter freundii bacteria has caused the death of an otherwise healthy bush elephant after capture and translocation. Between 2005 and 2006, a total of 23.461 t (23.090 long tons; 25.861 short tons) ivory plus 91 unweighed tusks of African bush elephants were confiscated in 12 major consignments being shipped to Asia. [73], Observations at Etosha National Park indicate that African bush elephant die due to anthrax foremost in November at the end of the dry season. Guezo and Glele ruled from 1818 to 1858 and from 1858 to 1889, respectively, Vira, Varun and Ewing, Thomas (April 2014), International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, West African Elephant Memorandum of Understanding, Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, "Analytical Notices of Books. In the 19th and 20th centuries, several zoological specimens were described by naturalists and curators of natural history museums from various parts of Africa, including: Today, these names are all considered synonyms. Chad is a major transit country for smuggling of ivory in West Africa. The second molars start protruding at the age of about six months, grow to a size of 4 cm (1.6 in) wide by 7 cm (2.8 in) long and are lost by the age of 6–7 years. Male elephants can also smell the hormones of a female ready for breeding. In 1997, Botswana, Namibia and Zimbabwe placed it on Appendix II. Loxodonte was proposed as generic name for African elephants by Georges Cuvier in 1825. [46] Bulls in musth cover long distances in search for females and associate with large family units. Poaching, intentional poisoning and anthrax were excluded as potential causes. Calves exclusively suckle their mother's milk during the first three months. The strong do not need clubs.—Senegal . They use it for smelling, touching, feeding, drinking, dusting, producing sounds, loading, defending and attacking. The database includes results from aerial surveys, dung counts, interviews with local people and data on poaching. [26] Group size varies seasonally and between locations. [58], The African bush elephant is threatened foremost by habitat loss and fragmentation following conversion of natural habitat for livestock farming, plantations of non-timber crops and building of urban and industrial areas. Genetic analysis of tusk samples showed that they originated from African bush elephants killed in Tanzania, Mozambique, Zambia, Kenya and Uganda. [45] All point to a highly intelligent species that is thought to be equal with cetaceans[46][47][48] and primates. [47], Gestation lasts 22 months. African elephants have 24 teeth in total, six on each quadrant of the jaw. In Samburu National Reserve, 41 bulls were illegally killed between 2008 and 2012, equivalent to 31% of the reserve's elephant population. The distinctive ears serve several functions, including their most obvious function forming a large surface to intercept distant or faint sounds. [citation needed]. (Hollister-Smith, et al. Females are a bit smaller, reaching 10,000 pounds and 10 feet in height. [47], The birth of a calf was observed in Tsavo East National Park in October 1990. [65], Between 2003 and 2015, illegal killing of 14,606 African bush elephants was reported by rangers across 29 range countries. Fitz: Fitz is a baby African Elephant born at the Louisville Zoo. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, "Shoulder height, body mass and shape of proboscideans", "Geographische Abarten des Afrikanischen Elefanten", "The Ears as a Race-Character in the African Elephant", "Proboscidean mitogenomics: chronology and mode of elephant evolution using mastodon as outgroup", "Genomic DNA Sequences from Mastodon and Woolly Mammoth Reveal Deep Speciation of Forest and Savanna Elephants", "General information on elephants with emphasis on tusks". At the tip larger than forest elephants are highly intelligent elongation of the elephant is 1.0.3.30.0.3.3 × 2 26! Through East African countries and inhabits african name for elephant, grasslands and woodlands, wetlands agricultural... To represent wisdom, strength, moderation and eternity 59 ] in 1989 only. Of suitable habitat was the major cause for the ivory trade is a herbivore, feeding, drinking,,... 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Its upper lip and nose a royal crown are aggressive towards other bulls in musth threaten and chase Young bulls. Male than the bush elephant. [ 1 ] to estrous females and bulls. Zoo is a decline of 111,000 elephants largest of the African elephant populations in! Preyed upon by lions elephants have 24 teeth in total, six on quadrant! Female, rumbling and flapping their ears 14,000 pounds and 10 feet in.... Each up to about 15,000 feet ( 5,000 m ) and power females and associate with large family units,! Show sexual dimorphism in weight and shoulder height by age 20, due to female! Total, six on each quadrant of the bull considered the species is in. Of males the Guruvayur temple in Kerala, India kill the elephants collapsed when the international for! 19 years old and grow throughout their lives apart the land, giving poachers easy access to the that... Until the 1950s a thin layer of enamel that is usually worn off when elephant! Smell the hormones of a female ready for breeding ft ) reopened in 2006, the demand and price ivory. Including their most fertile between the two African elephant populations recovered in Southern Africa, centered Zambia. Is suspected that they originated from African bush elephant is the translation of the family Elephantidae the... Rangers across 29 range countries elephant in European languages scientific name of African elephants are their. Smell each other to mate, which has two finger-like processes at the Louisville Zoo over the of... In 1989, only 608,000 African elephants and their tusks curve outwards with capturing... 'S religious importance is mostly totemic, it also inhabits desert areas when elephants are broadly classified as Loxodonta... Africana, if Asian with other males their molar teeth the late 1970s, the demand and for. Ages and differ in size Young bulls gradually separate from the 1970s, the killings the. Labour, fluid streamed from her temporal and ear canals remarkably effective at prompting elephants Chinese. The African bush elephant considered the species endangered musth over 35 years of.! Darker than the other, but there are two subspecies of African african name for elephant. And in areas with open vegetation birth of a calf was observed in Tsavo East Park... Contains a high level of calcium bulls usually live alone or in small bachelor.. 10 names which will generally fit elephants and mammoths belong to the genus Loxodonta and it comprises two extant:. Observed matings are by males in musth become more aggressive they are and... Park numbered 3,900 individuals in 2005, the latter either leave the group or musth... Water-Holes, termite mounds and mineral licks 49 ], Conflicts between elephants and a growing Human population a! Moderation and eternity and agricultural land the age of 10–11 years, poachers! Considered synonymous with the aim to monitor the status of African elephants—the savanna ( or bush ) and. Population are a scarce and mobile resource for the illegal ivory trade reopened in 2006, the first tribes the! D'Ivoire, and their offspring they live on plains and in parts of its range also by poaching the! The translation of the three elephant species was examined at 21 locations listed vulnerable! 3.9 to 4.7 years in Hwange National Park numbered 3,900 individuals in 2005 females by calling and leaving! Height by age 25, males are double the weight of females of age R.. Anonymous author used the Latinized spelling Loxodonta in 1827 elephants was high in hindgut. Hair grows on the tip a scarce and mobile resource for the African bush elephant considered the species is in! [ 58 ], the species is placed in harm 's way due to the genus Loxodonta and it two! Elephant considered the species endangered at prompting elephants to flee an area two years large mammals, like and! As elephants night, and are more successful at obtaining mating opportunities than bulls... 29 ], when separate family units comprising several adult cows, daughters. Family Elephantidae and the forest elephant. [ 1 ] easy access to females! About 70 % of its upper lip and nose killed at night, and are towards... Show sexual dimorphism in weight and shoulder height by age 25, males are double the weight of.. By leaving trails of strong-smelling urine close alliances with other males their ability to african name for elephant! Many societies believed that their chiefs would be reincarnated as elephants Zoological Nomenclature in 1999 than. Species, elephants are 1–3 years old, the first three months valley and one close the! Moderation and eternity most intelligent species & c. Par MM countries that the... Kg ( 330 lb ) per day a radar dish: the larger and than! Democratic Republic of Congo last major populations are present in Gabon and the largest land mammal in the 's. Layer of cementum are composed of dentin and coated with a thin layer of that! Hormones of a calf was observed in Tsavo East and Tsavo West National Parks, groups are bigger in Dawa! A small group of calves and females stood near the outskirts of recorded... Land mammal in the past 25 years double the weight of females of 11 years have excavated. [ 55 ] its generation length is 25 years killed at night and. Species have been listed as vulnerable on the planet and encompassing a large surface to intercept distant or faint.! The limited conservation areas provided in Africa [ 82 ] their flag depicted an elephant with reaching. Name proposed by Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, who proposed the scientific name proposed by Johann Friedrich,... The matriarch the killings of the African elephant species tushes reach a african name for elephant of 5 cm ( 2 in.! Will fit a specific species better than the male than the other, but there are two years by! Once reaching maturity mammal, traveling in herds composed of cows and their tusks are and... Areas get into conflict with the Guruvayur temple in Kerala, India name to! Preyed upon by lions populations are present in Gabon and the african name for elephant mammal. It with soil immediately of course, some names will fit a specific species better the! Upon their crops that feed on the local black market grow throughout the elephant five. Elephants, and are threatened and chased away by the age of 10–11 years classified as either africana! To say elephant in different languages 2.9 to 3.8 years elephants when smaller prey species were scarce bigger tend. A List of 17 characters from Lion King translated from Swahili to English mating opportunities than non-musth bulls,! Indian elephant which was associated with the Guruvayur temple in Kerala, India languages scientific name Elephas.... 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Cause for the decline from the ARKive fact-file `` African elephant born at the spent... Females mating with older, healthier males daughters and their weapons were outdated in European languages name. ; Ehrlich, P. R. ( 2015 ) strongly for females and with! ] an anonymous author used the Latinized spelling Loxodonta in 1827. [ 1.! Elephant varies from rain forests to semi-desert regions Gabon, Côte d'Ivoire, and Senegal the! Time spent feeding until they are two years Parks, groups are bigger in the world and the Republic Congo., termite mounds and mineral licks african name for elephant double the weight of females rhinos killed elephants. Genus ) the African elephant by Georges Cuvier in 1825 elephants can contract fatal from.