arrowleaf elephant ear

Xanthosoma sagittifolium. I used to walk through the produce aisles of grocery stores in South Florida and would always see these enormous tubers (a subterranean round to elongated fleshy rhizome which serves as a storage organs) called "Malanga". Translation for 'arrowleaf elephant ear' in the free English-Dutch dictionary and many other Dutch translations. Malanga you only eat the root, Kixtan, only the leaves. Several "flowers" have appeared and withered back, and they're still being issued, so this week I succumbed to the urge to cut open a "flower's" bottom compartment to see what was going on there. In botany, the term node designates a stem joint where a leaf appears, or may appear at one time or another. When I planted the Elephant Ears before the hut in 2010 I hadn't thought about them spreading so easily. The cuttings are planted horizontally, diagonally or vertically, with one or . Find Xanthosoma Sagittifolium Arrowleaf Elephant Ear Tannia stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. Praia Inhame Eco Lodge, Porto Alegre Picture: Barracuda, fried banana bread, pureed arrowleaf elephant's ear - Check out Tripadvisor members' 463 candid photos and videos. Elephant ear is cultivated in many of the Central and South American countries. Taioba, also known as arrowleaf elephant ear, is native to South America. It has large fleshy underground tubers that are round to elongate in shape. Most other "Elephant Ear" leaves seem to arise directly from the ground. from the November 20, 2011 Newsletter issued from, from the January 8, 2012 Newsletter issued from, a special note from October 30, 2006, issued from Genesis Retreat at Ek Balam, Yucatán, MÉXICO, from the February 7, 2016 Newsletter issued from. Each dewdrop bends the light and refocuses it, rather like a prism, shooting it into the shadow. This one is XANTHOSOMA SAGITTIFOLIUM. ELEPHANT EARS FLOWERING Wetland Status. You can see that the upper part of the spadix bearing male flowers is different from the lower part bearing female flowers. ARROWLEAF ELEPHANT EAR One distinguishing feature of this species is that its very large leaves arise from thick, pale rhizomes, which you can see in the picture below lying horizontally on the ground, appearing from behind the sign. Once established, mature plants can produce large amount of foliage in the first 6-9 months, and may also produce up to 10 or … The common name was given because of its large, elephant ear-like leaves. This strategy hinders self-pollination, and when you just have a couple of plants growing well apart, and usually one or the other isn't flowering, pollination becomes hard to impossible. Which I purchased in bare root form. For others, though, it’s frequently seen as an invasive species, due to its ability to grow and spread rapidly. But as you see it's growing wonderfully. arrowleaf elephant's ear xanthosoma 'Lime Zinger. But as you see it's growing wonderfully. collect. There are dozens of synonyms (Kew gives 37), of which I have listed only a couple. Xanthosoma sagittifolium, the arrowleaf elephant ear, arrowleaf elephant's ear or American taro, is a species of tropical flowering plant in the genus Xanthosoma, which produces an edible, starchy corm.Cultivars with purple stems or leaves are also variously called blue taro, purple taro, purplestem tannia, and purple elephant's ear among others.. Central Invasive (No Uses) For Status Assessments: Invasive and not recommended by IFAS. Here's the secret: Each light streak is associated with a dewdrop suspended from the vein beside it. The stems can also be cooked. Keeping your elephant ear plant at least five feet from a sunlit window, with temperatures in the 65 to 75 degree Fahrenheit range, is ideal. Xanthosoma Sagittofolia grows to about 7-10 feet in height. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Xanthosoma sagittifolium XXL Mature Tuber Arrowleaf Elephantear Aroid Houseplant at the best … While the Arrowleaf Elephant Ear now appears in many regions of the world, its exact origins remain something of a mystery. Overview Yautia is an herbaceous perennial, indigenous to tropical South America. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org … Save with this cheap way to get a mature plant that will produce large mature leaves adapted to your site. Trying to capture the lush, fresh feeling of it all I took the photo below: The picture falls far short of what I was trying far, but it does show something mysterious I hadn't noticed while taking the picture. Elephant ear plants do not do well in direct sunlight, because direct sunlight will cause the leaves to burn and turn brown. Family: Araceae Sub-family: Aroideae (Also known as the Arrowleaf, Yautia, or Malanga) What seems readily apparent upon first seeing an “Elephant Ear… Within the Surinamese community, in both Suriname and The Netherlands, pom is the most popular and best known festive dish.. Common names: Elephant Ear: Arrowleaf Elephant Ear: General Plant Information ; Plant Habit: Herb/Forb: Life cycle: Perennial: Underground structures: Tuber: Toxicity: Other: All parts of plant contain calcium oxalate crystals, an irritant to the mouth and esophagus. My wife, who is Mayan, warns me to be very cafefull with those. Our Breathing Planet · Privacy and Cookies · Legal Notice · Sitemap, Show your support for the amazing places and species we raise awareness of by, We try to make caring for our planet a viral cause. arrowleaf elephant's ear xanthosoma 'Lime Zinger. Notice that the spathe constricts near its midsection, enlarging and becoming green below. The virus-infected arrowleaf elephant ear plants exhibit symptoms of chlorotic feathering patterns on leaves with severe leaf curling and malformations. But professional botanists may know it best by its official scientific name. For Status Assessments: Caution - … For more details of DsMV, refer to Colocasia esculenta. Xanthosoma Species, American Taro, Arrowleaf Elephant Ear, Golden Yautia Xanthosoma sagittifolium. X. sagittifolium is a fast-growing herbaceous plant widely cultivated for underground stems, but also included in the Global Compendium of Weeds (Randall, 2012).This species can form mature plants from corms within 14-20 weeks. Xanthosoma sagittifolium zan-tho-SO-muh sag-it-ee-FOH-lee-um Xanthosoma robustum Schott was first described by Heinrich Wilhelm Schott in Oesterreichisches Botanisches Wochenblatt in 1853 Xanthosoma sagittifolium (L.) Schott is the correct and accepted scientific name for this Aroid. Xanthosoma Species, American Taro, Arrowleaf Elephant Ear, Golden Yautia Xanthosoma sagittifolium. Arrowleaf elephant ear. Numerous species in several genera of the Arum Family are known as Elephant Ears. The decaying material, then, consists of female flowers that never got pollinated, and so aborted. The other day I pulled a young one from a spot where I wanted to plant something else and just had to admire the plant's thick roots and rhizome, shown below: The rhizome is the thick, scaly item with a white tip, running horizontally across the picture. This here is my update on my Arrowleaf elephant ear plant.. Taxonomy. Thank you Nayeli for the iD. EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. Cassava can also be combined with maize, plantain, arrowleaf . 15 more photos VIEW GALLERY. Download this stock image: arrowleaf elephant ear leaf with water droplets - CNNCN1 from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. It's not because their spectacular flower structures -- shown on the above page -- produce fruits with viable seeds, because so far all the flowering I've seen has resulted in aborted fruits. Which I purchased in bare root form. The most precise estimate researchers can manage places its origins somewhere in the … View gallery. Xanthosoma sagittifolium zan-tho-SO-muh sag-it-ee-FOH-lee-um. They would playfully argue which one would look most like an The stems can also be cooked. Botanically, it is called Arrowleaf Elephant ear is a herbaceous perennial native to tropical South America. Xanthosoma sagittifolium, Arrowleaf Elephant Ear, Blue or Purple Taro, Mature dormant tuber. It also goes by the alternate names of American taro, blue taro, and purple taro, however. Greenish white, 7- to 9 inches-long bracts. Taro, arrow root, elephant ear, etc, and the latine wouldnt be as helpful to me as the Mayan. 23.Mar.2019 - Xanthosoma sagittifolium, the arrowleaf elephant ear or arrowleaf elephant's ear But, remove very carefully from that container to the other one. Remove from heat and let cool to lukewarm, 110 degrees F (43 degrees C). and arrowleaf elephant ear (Xanthosoma sagittifolium), add a … Naturalist Newsletter. In Brazil, the leaves are sold as taioba. Close × Share This Page. No known synonyms Conclusions by Zone. from the November 20, 2011 Newsletter issued from Hacienda Chichen Resort beside Chichén Itzá Ruins, central Yucatán, MÉXICO It looks as if here and there the veins rise above the leaf surface letting sunlight pass beneath them. xanthosoma sagittifolium. I loved how the sun-drenched leaf, wet with dew, shined as with inner light, and how its raised veins cast dark shadows highlighting the veins' glow. Translation for 'arrowleaf elephant ear' in the free English-Dutch dictionary and many other Dutch translations. Heat until shortening melts and sugar dissolves. Arrowleaf "Elephant Ear", Malanga, Yautia, Tannia, Mangarás, New Cocoyam, Tajer, Tanier, Taioba, Chou Caribe, Cascamote and many other common names. In Bolivia, it is called walusa, in Colombia bore, in Costa Rica tiquizque or macal, in Mexico mafafa, in Nicaragua quequisque, and in Panama otoe. That's because of a circumstance known as "extreme protogyny," which means that the female flowers mature and stop being receptive to being pollinated about 20 hours before the male flowers' stamens mature enough to produce pollen. That part of the spathe loosely envelops the lower part of the spadix, which bears female flowers. Elephant ears' species name, esculentia, is the same term that gives us the word "esculent," meaning edible. Grows quickly to 34 feet tall, with chartreuse to lime-green, arrow-shaped leaves that can reach 112 feet long. Xanthosoma Species, American Taro, Arrowleaf Elephant Ear, Golden Yautia (Xanthosoma sagittifolium) by xeen Apr 15, 2002 11:34 AM. Assessment Status: Complete . Arrowleaf Elephant Ear, Elephant Ear Synonyms. The large green leaves can be boiled or sauteed, sometimes with coconut milk. View gallery. Stolons are different from rhizomes because usually stolons run atop the ground. Move the product to another biggest container. 15 more photos VIEW GALLERY. But those are regular stems, or trunks, not the rhizomes we're talking about. Spikes and spadices of other species are similar but in small ways different. That's good if you want to grow many plants from the rhizome of a particularly desirable mother plant, but bad if your plant is a weed you're trying to get rid of. Elephant ear plant species, such as colocasia (Colocasia esculenta), alocasia (Alocasia spp.) You can see me standing beneath one of the plants below: The 14-inch-tall "flower" (35cm) is shown below: "Flower" is in quotation marks because Elephant Ears belong to the Arum or Jack-in-the-pulpit Family, the Araceae, so what we're seeing in the last picture is a white, fingerlike spike, or "spadix," bearing hundreds of flowers partially enveloped by a white, hoodlike "spathe." One distinguishing feature of this species is that its very large leaves arise from thick, pale rhizomes, which you can see in the picture below lying horizontally on the ground, appearing from behind the sign. Next to the hut the Elephant Ears are flowering. It is a popular crop in Southeastern Brazil and is also a staple in parts of Africa; in Ghana, it is called nkontomire. The plant can attain heights to 8 feet, with large light green leaves that sometimes grow to six feet in length. I used to walk through the produce aisles of grocery stores in South Florida and would always see these enormous tubers (a subterranean round to elongated fleshy rhizome which serves as a storage organs) called "Malanga". Arrowleaf elephant ear leaf in a basket by a white wall - Buy this stock photo and explore similar images at Adobe Stock. They are herbaceous perennials in warm climates. Probable hybrid, but parentage is uncertain. The highly evocative term Arrowleaf Elephant Ear serves as one of the numerous common names for a visually surprising plant. Recipe Taioba Saute . MYSTERY PICTURE I think that they must be analogous to stipules on above-ground stems, stipules being modified leaves often occurring at petiole bases. Sometimes sold as Xanthosoma aurea. from the February 7, 2016 Newsletter issued from Hacienda Chichen Resort beside Chichén Itzá Ruins, central Yucatán MÉXICO That’s the all but unpronounceable term of Xanthosoma sagittifolium. Most other "Elephant Ear" leaves seem to arise directly from the ground. Family: Araceae (a-RAY-see-ee) Genus: Xanthosoma (zan-tho-SO-muh) Species: sagittifolium (sag-it-ee-FOH-lee-um) … The virus is transmitted by aphid vectors in a non-persistent manner, and is also transmissible by mechanical sap-inoculation. Fruiting heads typically bear between 200-300 berry-type fruits. arrowleaf elephant's ear Xanthosoma undipes tall elephant's ear Xanthosoma violaceum purplestem taro Legal Status. Arrowleaf elephant ear leaf in a basket by a white wall - Buy this stock photo and explore similar images at Adobe Stock. Older Elephant Ears often develop pale, reclining trunks as thick as an arm, which lie atop the ground and, in very old plants, may stand up to seven or so feet high (2m). The highly evocative term Arrowleaf Elephant Ear serves as one of the numerous common names for a visually surprising plant. 1 Comment Joseph CHIEF REDEARTH 6 years ago. 264k members in the HumanForScale community. There is a swampy area in the southeast corner that I ventured into where there are many species of plants not found anywhere else here. If we had enough plants here for the flowers to get properly pollinated, the resulting fruits would mature 40-60 days after pollination. Arrowleaf Elephant Ear (Xanthosoma sagittifolium 'Dwarf Green') in the Elephant Ears (Xanthosoma) Database. If only leaves are present, the species is known by its large size, its all-green color -- instead of having certain purplish parts -- and by how the leaf petioles attach to their blades in the particular way shown below: In long-established plants, leaves arise from arm-thick, pale trunks that may recline atop the ground. Rhizomes are defined as modified subterranean stems that often issue roots and shoots from their nodes. Xanthosoma sagittifolium, the arrowleaf elephant ear, is a species of tropical flowering plant.. Photo about plants, plant, green, tropical, elephant, floweringplant - 157806817 Image of elephant, closeup, fresh - 86766009 Leaves can get up to 4 feet from tip to petiole and 2.5 feet across. Flickr photos, groups, and tags related to the "arrowleafelephantear" Flickr tag. Arrowleaf Elephant Ear, Elephant Ear Synonyms. Persicaria sagittata (Arrowleaf Tearthumb) was one of the first species of wildflowers I identified on the farm when I returned in 2013. xanthosoma sagittifolium. Cocoyam Arrowleaf Elephant Ear Malanga Xanthosoma sagittifolium - 1 Rhizome 1 Rhizome-Root for planting w/growing guidelines Malanga root is a rhizome often mistaken for its cousin, the taro root. Xanthosoma sagittifolium, the arrowleaf elephant ear, arrowleaf elephant's ear or American taro, is a species of tropical flowering plant in the genus Xanthosoma, which produces an edible, starchy corm.Cultivars with purple stems or leaves are also variously called blue taro, purple taro, purplestem tannia, and purple elephant's ear among others. Genus Xanthosoma Family Araceae Order Alismatales. Photo about Arrowleaf elephant ear,tropical flowering plant with beautiful leaf pattern. It is known by many local names including American Taro, Barbados Nut Eddoe, Arrowleaf Elephant’s Ear, Cocoyam, Green Arrow Elephant Ears, Elephant Ears, New Cocoyam, Malanga, Tannia, Yannia Leaf Spinach, Uyautia, Yautia, Yellow Yautia, Yautia Tannia and Yellow Ocumo. The fabulous Arrowleaf Elephant Ear produces foliage that will astound you with its size! Arrowleaf Elephant Ear Inkaterra Machu Picchu Pueblo Hotel, Aguas Calientes, Peru Xanthosoma sagittifolium, the arrowleaf elephant ear or arrowleaf elephant's ear, is a species of tropical flowering plant in the genus Xanthosoma, which produces an edible, starchy corm. Grows quickly to 34 feet tall, with chartreuse to lime-green, arrow-shaped leaves that can reach 112 feet long. On each side of the bud arise brown, veiny, triangular scales. Related Links. Xanthosoma is derived from the Greek ξανθος (xanthos), yellow, and σωμα (soma), the body (of a man); sagittifolium is from the Latin sagitta, an arrow, and folium, a leaf. Below the ovaries -- that's smelly, mushlike decaying material working with maggots... At the left is a much older flower. Taioba. This here is my update on my Arrowleaf elephant ear plant.. An interesting word applied to rhizomes is "diageotropic," which describes something that grows perpendicularly to the force of gravity. Many cultivars also now exist in various parts of the world. The male items are angular columns composed of fused anthers while the lower, oval, pinkish, female things are immature stigma heads atop unseen ovaries. Description. Instagram is brickhouse_michelle. It took awhile to figure it out. Flickr photos, groups, and tags related to the "arrowleafelephantsear" Flickr tag. Xanthosoma species. Specified and limited uses may be considered by the IFAS Invasive Plants Working Group. The Arrowleaf Elephant Ear can produce grown specimens from corms within 14 weeks. The large green leaves can be boiled or sauteed, sometimes with coconut milk. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. overview; data; media; articles; maps; names More Accounts and Images; Integrated Taxonomic Information System (XANTH4) Wildlife. Still, it looked so like the veins were rising above the leaf's surface that I went back to the plant to see what was going on. Excerpts from Jim Conrad's Taro is native to Africa and was brought as a food crop for slaves. Eventually the white, male parts will wither away while the lower green part will expand and the spathe will be filled with the remaining bottom of the spadix bearing numerous fruits -- like corn on a cob inside its husk. We have since moved but took the plants with us. common names: elephant ear, arrowleaf elephant ear. Dark green, 3 feet-long leaves on 3 feet stalks. Tweet; 1 Species ID Suggestions +1. Also, some other "Elephant Ear" leaves are of a slightly different shape or design, and most are not as large as these, which get about three feet long. Taioba, also known as arrowleaf elephant ear, is native to South America. Check it out. No known synonyms Conclusions by Zone. Your email address will not be published. : Xanthosoma sagittifolium, the arrowleaf elephant ear or arrowleaf elephant's ear, is a species of tropical flowering plant in the genus "Xanthosoma", which produces an edible, starchy corm. The big leaves are … Crop categories. Interpreting Wetland Status. Within the Surinamese community pom is frequently referred to as a dish of Creole and/or Jewish origin. elephant ear and legumes such as black nightshade. Sometimes sold as Xanthosoma aurea. South Caution. Probable hybrid, but parentage is uncertain. ELEPANT EAR RHIZOMES We have kixtan, malanga, and elephant ears which must be new, by the name. Arrowleaf Elephant Ear Distribution, Habitat, and Ecology. The visible part of the spadix bears male flowers. The term Arrowleaf Elephant Ear serves as one of the common names for a visually surprising plant. If you remove it, the product may will die. Regardless of the name by which one knows it, though, it presents a strikingly distinctive structure to the observer. Arrowleaf elephant ear Xanthosoma sagittifolium. Elephant ear plants grow from a swollen stem similar to a bulb but known as a corm. It's because the plants produce strong, wide-ranging rhizomes. Follow, If you are a nature enthusiast, if you care about our amazing planet and want to be part of our cause. from the November 20, 2011 Newsletter issued from Hacienda Chichen Resort beside Chichén Itzá Ruins, central Yucatán, MÉXICO Will be reassessed every 10 years. arrowleaf elephant's ear General Information; Symbol: XASA2 Group: Monocot Family: Araceae Duration: Perennial: Growth Habit: Forb/herb: Native Status: L48 I PB I PR N VI N: Data Source and Documentation: About our new maps. Malanga, Arrowleaf Elephant Ear, Etc. Nobody here eats elephant ear or many of the smaller species. Pom is a Surinamese oven dish made using Arrowleaf elephant ear root, locally called "pomtajer".. History. Our dog, Bear, under our Ears for perspective. Check it out. Also, rhizome nodes are close together, like ours, while stolon nodes are widely separated, like those on a strawberry plant. In some regions it’s widely cultivated as a food crop, for its leaves and tubers. Sign in to suggest organism ID. Recipe Taioba Saute The popularity of the plant depends on perspectives, due to its nature. Plant database entry for Arrowleaf Elephant Ear (Xanthosoma robustum) with 2 images and 19 data details. Arrowleaf "Elephant Ear", Malanga, Yautia, Tannia, Mangarás, New Cocoyam, Tajer, Tanier, Taioba, Chou Caribe, Cascamote and many other common names. The fabulous Arrowleaf Elephant Ear produces foliage that will astound you with its size! Check it out. Veins are sunken into a leaf's blade. In fact, elephant ears are an important food source in warm climates around the world. Nayeli 6 years ago. and arrowleaf elephant ear (Xanthosoma sagittifolium), add a … These can the produce 10 or more corms within 10 months. At dawn I sat before the hut basking in the day's first sunbeams, vacantly gazing up at the enormous Elephant Ear leaf arching above me. Leaves can get up to 4 feet from tip to petiole and 2.5 feet across. But that's not how veins work. View this plant in a garden . Xanthosoma sagittifolium (L.) Schott is the correct and accepted scientific name for this Aroid. Photos which feature a human to aid the eye in determining the size of things Arrowleaf Elephant Ear: Tannia: General Plant Information ; Plant Habit: Herb/Forb: Life cycle: Perennial: Plant Height: 6 to 13 feet (1.8-4m) Fruit: Showy: Flowers: Showy: Underground structures: Tuber: Suitable Locations: Bog gardening: Uses: Vegetable: Toxicity: Other: All parts of plant contain calcium oxalate crystals, an irritant to the mouth and esophagus. It is a popular crop in Southeastern Brazil and is also a staple in parts of Africa; in Ghana, it is called nkontomire. Both elephant ear and taro are herbaceous perennials with large leaves up to 6 feet in length. Examples of "arrowleaf" Senecio triangularis, known as arrowleaf ragwort, arrowleaf groundsel and arrowleaf butterweed, is a species of the genus "Senecio" and family Asteraceae. Arrowleaf, elephant ear, tannia, yautia, mangarás, new cocoyam, tajer, tania, tanier, malanga, taioba, chou caribe, cascamote, sunin Honolulu. Xanthosoma Species, American Taro, Arrowleaf Elephant Ear, Golden Yautia (Xanthosoma sagittifolium) by Hunter_X Jun 16, 2002 11:52 AM. Can you do it? Remove all the paper or tapes added in the pod. In small saucepan over medium heat, combine milk, salt, 2 tablespoons sugar and shortening. Elephant ear plant species, such as colocasia (Colocasia esculenta), alocasia (Alocasia spp.) It is also widely eaten in many areas of the Pacific. In the vein shadows, what accounts for those slender streaks of light? Arrowleaf elephant ear Arrowleaf elephant’s ear Cocoyam New cocoyam Tannia Yautia Dutch Tayer Spanish Oreja de elefante German Malanga Tania Tannia. Xanthosoma sagittifolium, the arrowleaf elephant ear or arrowleaf elephant's ear, is a species of tropical flowering plant in the genus Xanthosoma, which produces an edible, starchy corm. ELEPHANTEARS FRUITS Summary of Invasiveness Top of page. Arrowleaf Elephant's Ear Xanthosoma sagittifolium (L.) Schott. Xanthosoma robustum Schott was first described by Heinrich Wilhelm Schott in Oesterreichisches Botanisches Wochenblatt in 1853. Below, a close-up of our Elephant Ears' rhizome shows a couple of nodes: In that picture the lower node is sprouting a white bud from which later probably a shoot will arise, developing into a new plant. The deal is that under natural conditions fruit and seed production in Arrowhead Elephantear is extremely rare. Xanthosoma Sagittofolia grows to about 7-10 feet in height. × New and Unread Tree-Mails. Category: Perennials. It’s also often used in local efforts at reforestation, as a source of weed control, and as a shade provider. Family Araceae (Arum family). You'll remember that in this species the spike emerging from the spathe bears many male flowers while, below, the spathe completely wraps around the part of the spike bearing females flowers. It's good to understand the rhizome and node concepts because when a rhizome is broken up each node may be able to sprout a new plant. a special note from October 30, 2006, issued from Genesis Retreat at Ek Balam, Yucatán, MÉXICO Specified and limited uses may … from the January 8, 2012 Newsletter issued from Hacienda Chichen Resort beside Chichén Itzá Ruins, central Yucatán, MÉXICO Will be reassessed every 10 years. Central Invasive (No Uses) For Status Assessments: Invasive and not recommended by IFAS. ARROWLEAF ELEPHANT EAR Arrow Leaf Elephant Ear, Xanthosoma sagittifolium. Instagram is brickhouse_michelle. You can see two lower compartments with the near sides cut away below: In that picture the flowering spike, or spadix, on the right is still in the flowering stage. Family: Araceae (a-RAY-see-ee) Genus: Xanthosoma (zan-tho-SO-muh) Species: sagittifolium (sag-it-ee-FOH-lee-um) 38 members have or want this plant for trade. Malanga, Arrowleaf Elephant Ear, Etc. We'd expect to find fruits developing in it, like grains on a corncob, but its spadix also is covered with decaying, stinking, maggoty stuff.
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