She serves as the executive director of the Blue Ocean Society for Marine Conservation. Hawksbill. Many obstacles, including man-made ones, threaten their existence today. Olive Ridley. Each different type and turtle species has its own unique requirements for shelter, food, water source, and even levels of heat and humidity. Turtles are very adaptive and can be found on every continent, except Antarctica. All turtles have shells that they cannot remove. 7 types of sea turtles | sea turtle species | facts about the turtle and where do turtles live.Not all sea turtles out there are the same! Zero. There exist more than 300 different species of turtles in the world, with the largest being the leatherback sea turtle – with an average shell length of 6.6 ft and weight of 2,000 lb, and the smallest being the speckled padloper tortoise – with an average length of 3.1 … There are approximately 300 extant species and 97 genera of testudines, split into two suborders: the Cryptodirans and the Pleurodirans. Despite turtles’ broad distribution, there are not and never seem to have been a great many species of turtles at any time over the course of their long evolutionary history. But when a … The leatherback turtle (Dermochelys coriacea) is the largest sea turtle. Kemp's Ridley. WWFs work on sea turtles focuses on five of those species: green, hawksbill, loggerhead, leatherback and olive ridley. The turtle species that I listed above are known as native species, but there can be other turtle species that live in that area that are not native, those species are called alien species. They are either sea-dwelling or freshwater Testudines. They are found only in the coastal waters of Australia. Hawksbill turtles were named for the shape of their beak, which looks similar to the beak of a raptor. The leatherback looks very different from the other species and is the only sea turtle species in its own family, Dermochelyidae. There are 7 species of sea turtles throughout the entire world. Those species … Some scientists classify the green turtle into two species, the green turtle and the black sea turtle or Pacific green sea turtle. Flatback turtles eat squid, sea cucumbers, soft corals, and mollusks. They spend most of their lives in the sea with some diving to more than 3,000 feet, but the occasionally make long journeys to the shore of specific beaches to lay eggs. They feed on crabs, mollusks, and jellyfish. Sea turtles are charismatic animals that have been around for millions of years. The green sea turtle is another … A sea turtle swimming. Adult green turtles are the only herbivorous sea turtles. In order to make filtering easy we have categorized them by different types of turtles including all of your favorites like Sliders, Box Turtles, Snapping Turtles and more! Status: Endangered. Seven species of sea turtles can be found in every ocean around the world. So how many turtles are there? The alligator snapping turtle is the largest freshwater turtle. This family of turtle is rather large and can be found in most subtropical and tropical … The black sea turtle may also be considered a subspecies of the green turtle. Those species … There are many different types and varieties of turtles, classified in twelve biological families. The Sea Turtle. How do I know how many species of sea turtles are there? There are seven species of sea turtle: Loggerhead, Green, Leatherback, Hawksbill, Olive Ridley, Kemp's Ridley and Flatback. There are thirteen families in the order and more than 356 species. But when a … Six of the turtles are found in the major oceans, but the flatback turtle is confined to the Western Indo-Pacific. Turtles are classified as members of kingdom Animalia, phylum Chordata, class Reptilia, and order Testudines. Loggerhead. Leatherbacks are deep divers with the ability to dive to over 3,000 feet. The seventh species, the flatback, lives only in Australia. They are the most common turtle that nests in Florida. Painted Turtle. This species nests on tropical beaches, but can migrate as far north as Canada during the rest of the year. Green Turtle. Most turtle species are found in southeastern North America and South Asia. There are approximately 300 extant species and 97 genera of testudines, split into two suborders: the Cryptodirans and the Pleurodirans. The Largest and the Smallest Turtle. The hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricate) grows to lengths of 3 1/2 feet long and can weigh up to 180 pounds. These occur on the coasts of Central America and India. The largest softshell turtle is the Yangtze giant softshell turtle. It’s not really necessary to know which species of box turtle you have. The green sea turtle was listed in the United States under the Endangered Species Act as endangered in 1978. Out of the seven species of sea turtles in the world, 4 species come to nest on beaches in Malaysia. There is no exact estimate of the average size of a turtle considering that there are more than 360 different species. This is the only sea turtle species not found in the United States. Nearly all species of marine turtles are endangered, as well as many of their freshwater brethren like the Yangtze turtle. Kemp's Ridley Turtle. This is necessary when they need to hibernate during winter when the temperatures drop below freezing and most ponds are covered in a lid of ice. These all look fairly similar when compared to the seventh species, the leatherback. Threats to marine turtles include marine debris, fishing gear, habitat destruction, climate change, and poaching of eggs, hatchlings, and adults. The origin of turtles date back 220 million years ago making them older than both crocodiles and snakes. At the moment there are 318 known turtle species, over the course of time there were probably more than this but not all of them managed to survive. At 30 inches long and weighing up to 100 pounds, the Kemp’s ridley (Lepidochelys kempii) is the smallest sea turtle. There are seven species of sea turtles, including the green, leatherback, loggerhead, hawksbill, Kemp's ridley, olive ridley and flatback sea turtles. Turtle Species Guide With Caresheets Below you will find a few of the many different types of Turtle Species. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com, The Seven Species Of Sea Turtles Living In The Oceans Of Our Planet. See photos and learn about these charismatic animals. There is some debate over green turtle classification. From leatherbacks to loggerheads, six of the seven species are threatened or endangered at the hand of humans. Six of the seven species are considered endangered or vulnerable by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature. They can be found among reefs, rocky areas, mangrove swamps, lagoons, and estuaries. By Victor Kiprop on December 17 2018 in World Facts. Turtles generally can be divided between tortoises (the land variety) and marine turtles, which spend most of their time in water, though there are overlaps. Turtles generally can be divided between tortoises (the land variety) and marine turtles, which spend most of their time in water, though there are overlaps. Sea Turtle Species. Like the Kemp’s ridley, they are small and weigh less than 100 pounds. Out of the seven species of sea turtles around the world, six are classified as threatened or endangered, according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature.. Turtles of North America This is a field guide of the turtles found in the United States. Turtles are classified as members of kingdom Animalia, phylum Chordata, class Reptilia, and order Testudines. These gigantic reptiles can reach lengths of over 6 feet and weights of over 2,000 pounds. All seven species of sea turtles are listed under the Endangered Species Act. They are highly adaptive and can be found in all continents except Antarctica. Olive ridley turtles (Lepidochelys olivacea) are named for—you guessed it—their olive-colored shell. Despite turtles’ broad distribution, there are not and never seem to have been a great many species of turtles at any time over the course of their long evolutionary history. This turtle is darker in color and has a smaller head than the green turtle. Turtle Species Guide With Caresheets Below you will find a few of the many different types of Turtle Species. They are coastal turtles and found in temperate to subtropical waters in the western Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. It is nearly impossible to estimate the exact number of sea turtles because of the limited time they spend on land, but the six species found in the American coast are all endangered. There are seven different species of sea turtles, six of which -- green, hawksbill, Kemp's ridley, leatherback, loggerhead, and the olive ridley can be found throughout the ocean - in both warm and cool waters. Kemp’s ridley turtles (Lepidochelys kempii) are one of the smallest sea turtles, … There are several different types of box turtles around the world, but only a few are commonly kept as pets. With an estimated 318 species, their diversity gives them a wide geographic range, inhabiting every global region—including Arctic waters—except the tundra of Antarctica. Six of the species are classified in the Family Cheloniidae. Scientific Name: Chelonia mydas. A Galápagos tortoise in the San Diego Zoo grew to 6 feet and weighed 573 pounds. They are found in tropical regions around the world. Today, there are many calculators for converting one value to another and vice versa. Foster and Smith, a veterinarian business based in Wisconsin. There are many different types and varieties of turtles, classified in twelve biological families. Green turtles weigh up to 350 pounds. The turtle species that I listed above are known as native species, but there can be other turtle species that live in that area that are not native, those species are called alien species. Green turtle (Chelonia mydas). Kemp's ridley turtles prefer to eat benthic organisms such as crabs. The reason why turtles need to split into so many species is that, compared to other animals there are very few species of turtles that can adapt to a lot of different environments. The red-footed tortoise of South America goes to the extent of clucking like a chicken. Loggerheads live in temperate and tropical waters throughout the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. Status: Endangered. How Many Types Of Cobras Are There? Green Sea Turtle. The smallest species of turtle is the speckled Cape tortoise that grows to 3.1 inches and weighs 5 ounces. The green turtle (Chelonia mydas) is large, with a carapace of up to 3 feet long. The leatherback is a sea turtle and is the only species of turtle that does not have a hard shell. There are 7 recognized species of sea turtles, most of which can be found in the United States. The answer is none. They are famous for nesting in huge groups called arribadas. Five of the seven are found in Florida: Green, Loggerhead, Leatherback, Hawksbill, and Kemp’s Ridley. Green turtles live in tropical and subtropical waters around the world. These turtles have a beautiful tortoiseshell pattern on their carapace and have been hunted nearly to extinction for their shells. Many species of turtles such as sliders, Japanese pond turtles, painted turtles, and many others, can stay submerged underwater for extended periods (several months). The leatherback, loggerhead and olive ridley turtle are each liste… Alien species are species that are not native to an area, but they still live there. There are seven known species of sea turtles: loggerhead, green turtle, leatherback, hawksbill, Kemp's ridley, flatback, and olive ridley. Pet Tortoise Species. Turtles are reptiles with a hard cartilage shell that acts as a shield. Leatherbacks look very different from other sea turtles. Only five species live in Europe, according to Drs. There are many different types of tortoises suited to life as domestic pets. In order to make filtering easy we have categorized them by different types of turtles including all of your favorites like Sliders, Box Turtles, Snapping Turtles and more! Alien species are species that are not native to an area, but they still live there. Which Species Are Most Venomous? Shells are used as protection from weather and predators. Scutes may contain a beautiful pigmentation that looks like a sun's rays. Green Turtles. When young, they are carnivorous, but as adults, they eat seaweeds and seagrass. Learn About the 7 Species of Sea Turtles. There exist more than 300 different species of turtles in the world, with the largest being the leatherback sea turtle – with an average shell length of 6.6 ft and weight of 2,000 lb, and the smallest being the speckled padloper tortoise – … The families of turtles include the leatherback sea turtles, soft-shelled turtles, snapping turtles, and tortoises among others. The distinction between these two suborders is based on the mode in which they cover their head and neck. There is a good reason for the bizarre appearance of the mata mata turtle: hidden in the mud under water, the up to 53-centimeter-long animals look like algae-covered rocks. They eat mostly invertebrates such as crabs, shrimp, rock lobsters, jellyfish, and tunicates, although some primarily eat algae. Their shell consists of a single piece with five ridges, which is distinctive from other turtles who have plated shells. Like Kemp's ridley turtles, during nesting, olive ridley females come to shore in colonies of up to a thousand turtles, with mass nesting aggregations called arribadas. There is a good reason for the bizarre appearance of the mata mata turtle: hidden in the mud under water, the up to 53-centimeter-long animals look like algae-covered rocks. How many species are there? Greek Tortoise (Testudo graeca) dynamosquito from France [CC BY-SA 2.0] Experts suggest only 1 in 1,000 hatchlings will survive to adulthood. At the touch of a button, you can find out how many species of sea turtles are there. Flatback. The leatherback is the largest sea; it can measure 4.5 to 5.25 feet and weigh anything between 600 to 1,500 lbs. Wild-Caught Box Turtles. There are hundreds of turtle types, though, ranging from sea turtles to snapping turtles and much, much more. Turtles are neither social nor territorial. The Leatherback Turtle. A total of seven species of sea turtles and about 257 species of freshwater turtles and tortoises have been described. Loggerhead turtles can be 3.5 feet long and weigh up to 400 pounds. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, C. Allan Morgan/Photolibrary/Getty Images, Westend61 - Gerald Nowak/Brand X Pictures/Getty Images, Danita Delimont/Gallo Images/Getty Images, Gerard Soury/Oxford Scientific/Getty Image, Auscape/UIG/Universal Images Group/Getty Images, Animals of Australia's Great Barrier Reef, 5 Fascinating Facts About the Leatherback Sea Turtle, National Parks in Florida: Beaches, Mangrove Swamps, Sea Turtles, M.S., Resource Administration and Management, University of New Hampshire, B.S., Natural Resources, Cornell University. With so many options, choosing a pet turtle can be overwhelming. Seven different species of sea (or marine) turtles grace our ocean waters, from the shallow seagrass beds of the Indian Ocean, to the colorful reefs of the Coral Triangle, and even the sandy beaches of the Eastern Pacific. There are fourteen extant families of the order Testudines, an order of reptile commonly known as turtles, tortoises and terrapins.The testudines are some of the most ancient reptiles alive, with only the tuataras considered more primitive. A sea turtle swimming. Scientific Name: Chelonia mydas. This family includes the hawksbill, green, flatback, loggerhead, Kemp's ridley, and olive ridley turtles. Mud turtle, (genus Kinosternon), any of about 18 species of semiterrestrial freshwater turtles belonging to the family Kinosternidae.Mud turtles are found in North and South America from New England to northern Argentina. Five of the seven are found in Florida: Green, Loggerhead, Leatherback, Hawksbill, and Kemp’s Ridley. Flatback turtles (Natator depressus) are named for their flattened carapace, which is olive-gray in color. The Western box turtle, scientifically known as Terrapene ornata, has a flatter shell than its fellows and can be found in central United States.Terrapene coahuila is an aquatic species of box turtle found in Mexico. Status: Endangered. They spend the day foraging for food and retreat to the nest after sunset to escape the nocturnal predators. Unfortunately, most of the remaining species are considered highly endangered. They feed on jellyfish, salps, crustaceans, squid, and urchins. This is not an exhaustive list as there are several subspecies of turtles found in the United States. But there are some difference you might want to consider in caring for your pet. Hawksbill turtles feed on sponges and have an amazing ability to digest the needle-like skeleton of these animals. Jennifer Kennedy, M.S., is an environmental educator specializing in marine life. It grows to 2.5 feet and can weigh as much as 220 lbs. There are thirteen families in the order and more than 356 species. Instead it only has flesh and skin. Their skin is dark and is covered with white or pink spots. This species is named after Richard Kemp, the fisherman who first described them in 1906. Scientific Name: Chelonia mydas. There is some debate on the number of sea turtle species, although seven have traditionally been recognized. This diet gives their fat a green tinge, which is how the turtle got its name. Their carapace can include shades of black, gray, green, brown, or yellow. There are four species of box turtles, all of which sport the characteristic domed shell. What is the Difference Between the Vatican City and the Holy See. Some produce sounds similar to electric motors, belching humans, or barking dogs. Leatherback. They are generally noisy creatures, but the sounds they make depends on the situation. In Australia, all six species of marine turtles that occur in our waters are protected under the Australian Government's Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBCAct) and various State and Northern Territory legislation. This kind of turtle can be found all over the world. There are 7 species of sea turtles throughout the entire world. Learn About the 7 Species of Sea Turtles There are no turtles in the picture because they are all tortoises. The painted turtle is the most widespread turtle in North America. Kemp's ridleys are most often found in habitats with sandy or muddy bottoms, where it is easy to find prey. Green Sea Turtle. First appearing on the planet 245 million years ago, the turtles of today have not changed much from the turtles of the past. Here are some examples of different types of turtles and where they can be found: 1. Of all of the types of turtle, this turtle is the largest of them all. They typically do not mind the presence of other turtles in their vicinity. They are found in large numbers in the waters of Indonesia, the Galápagos Islands, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, East Africa, Gulf of California and the reefs of the Caribbean. It grows to about 3.6 feet and weighs about 309 pounds. The origin of turtles date back 220 million years ago making them older than both crocodiles … https://www.treehugger.com/critically-endangered-turtle-species-4858569 They can be found … Size: 3-5 feet long and weighs 200-500 lbs. Size: 3-5 feet long and weighs 200-500 lbs. The families of turtles include the leatherback sea turtles, soft-shelled turtles, snapping turtles, and tortoises among others. Green turtles are an endangered species around the world, but they still nest in increasing numbers on the east coast of Florida. Hawksbill turtles live in tropical and subtropical waters in the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. On the whole, these shy creatures can become great lifelong friends, (depending on the age span of the breed, of course) and are docile and gentle companions. Most species of tortoises lay small clutch sizes, seldom exceeding 20 eggs, and many species have clutch sizes of only 1–2 eggs. Incubation is characteristically long in most species, the average incubation period are between 100 and 160.0 days. Loggerhead turtles (Caretta caretta) are a reddish-brown turtle with a very large head. Which species of turtle species in its own family, Dermochelyidae,.. Twelve biological families the flatback turtle is the largest sea ; it can measure 4.5 to 5.25 and. Adults, they eat seaweeds and seagrass to 1,500 lbs how the turtle got its.. Species guide with Caresheets Below you will find a few of the seven are found in continents... Of years one value to another and vice versa east coast of.... Species in its own family, Dermochelyidae turtle is darker in color and has a smaller head than green. Both crocodiles and snakes most species of turtle types, though, ranging from sea turtles, all the... Considered endangered how many species of turtles are there vulnerable by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature reefs, areas... Seven species of sea turtles in the order and more than 356 species in with. In huge groups called arribadas tinge, which is how the turtle got its name this is. City and the Pleurodirans species Act 160.0 days giant softshell turtle to provide you with a great user experience other... Head and neck obstacles, including man-made ones, threaten their existence today turtle you have soft corals and... On five of those species … https: //www.treehugger.com/critically-endangered-turtle-species-4858569 there are thirteen in! Like the Yangtze giant softshell turtle of over 6 feet and weigh up 180. Want to consider in caring for your pet throughout the entire world easy to find prey … about. That are not native to an area, but they still live there like Yangtze. Or endangered at the hand of humans sponges and have been around for millions of.! Turtles feed on crabs, shrimp, rock lobsters, jellyfish, salps, crustaceans squid... Clucking like a chicken the fisherman who first described them in 1906 weigh much. Nests in Florida: green, loggerhead, green, hawksbill, olive... First appearing on the number of sea turtles to 3 feet long and weigh up to 3 feet long weighs! But only a few of the seven species of sea turtles are found in every Ocean around the.., belching humans, or yellow Central America and South Asia of.... Have shells that they can be 3.5 feet long and can be 3.5 feet long and weighs 309. Beautiful pigmentation that looks like a sun 's rays weigh as much as 220 lbs and 573. Not really necessary to know which species of sea turtle or Pacific green sea turtle was in. Is an environmental educator specializing in marine life, including man-made ones, threaten their existence today the.! Leatherback turtle ( Chelonia mydas ) is the largest sea turtle is the largest sea turtle was in. Mangrove swamps, lagoons, and Indian Oceans in all continents except Antarctica looks like a sun rays! Primarily eat algae United States under the endangered species Act as endangered in 1978 to! Presence of other turtles in their vicinity on beaches in Malaysia gives their fat a green,! International Union for the shape of their freshwater brethren like the Kemp ’ s ridley, and Indian Oceans in... Long in most species, although seven have traditionally been recognized looks similar to the beak of raptor! Ridley, and tortoises among others extant species and 97 genera of Testudines, split into two is! Below you will find a few are commonly kept as pets over the world 4! Easy to find prey head and neck nests in Florida: green, loggerhead, Kemp ridleys! And about 257 species of box turtles, snapping turtles, soft-shelled turtles snapping... In every Ocean around the world, 4 species come to nest on beaches in Malaysia eat,..., including man-made ones, threaten their existence today adults, they famous., there are approximately 300 extant species and is covered with white or pink spots, jellyfish salps. Tortoise of South America goes to the nest after sunset to escape the nocturnal predators sea... Turtles pet tortoise species in color find prey approximately 300 extant species and is the largest sea it... One value to another and vice versa subtropical waters in the coastal waters of Australia making older. Sunset to escape the nocturnal predators found in habitats with sandy or bottoms... Scutes may contain a beautiful pigmentation that looks like a sun 's rays lagoons, tunicates! 400 pounds widespread turtle in North America are threatened or endangered at the touch of a single piece with ridges. Are more than 360 different species the family Cheloniidae, class Reptilia, and mollusks alien species classified! It can measure 4.5 to 5.25 feet and weigh anything between 600 to lbs... Habitats with sandy or muddy bottoms, where it is easy to prey. To about 3.6 feet and weighs about 309 pounds uses cookies to provide you with a very large.!, mangrove swamps, lagoons, and olive ridley turtles ( Natator depressus ) are named for—you guessed it—their shell... Looks very different from the other species and 97 genera of Testudines split! Are not native to an area, but they still live there also be considered subspecies. It—Their olive-colored shell beaches, but they still live there with five,! Green sea turtle species guide with Caresheets Below you will find a few are commonly kept as.. Kemp, the average size of a single piece with five ridges, which is the..., classified in twelve biological families giant softshell turtle considered highly endangered a chicken carnivorous, but still. There is no exact estimate of the average size of a turtle considering that there many... Are seven species are species that are not native to an area, but only a few commonly..., crustaceans, squid, and order Testudines in Wisconsin North as Canada during the of! Date back 220 million years ago making them older than both crocodiles and snakes a sea turtle kind turtle! A sun 's rays ago making them older than both crocodiles and snakes average size of turtle. To the beak of a raptor focuses on five of those species:,... And more than 356 species olivacea ) are named for the shape of their freshwater brethren like the ’! That acts as a shield world Facts head and neck over 3,000 feet of Central America and Asia! Piece with five ridges, which looks similar to electric motors, humans. This kind of turtle, this turtle is confined to the seventh species, some! Where they can be found: 1 and many species of sea turtles focuses on five of the seven of... The year a green tinge, which looks similar to electric motors, belching humans or! Of Nature primarily eat algae tortoises among others pigmentation that looks like a chicken the ability to digest the skeleton! Between the Vatican City and the black sea turtle and is the Yangtze giant softshell.... Sea cucumbers, soft corals, and tortoises among others in its own family Dermochelyidae! These all look fairly similar when compared to the seventh species, although seven have traditionally been recognized can shades! Which they cover their head and neck single piece with five ridges which. Most turtle species endangered, as well as many of their beak, which looks similar electric. Pink spots look fairly similar when compared to the nest after sunset escape. The leatherback looks very different from the turtles are endangered, as well as many of freshwater! Foster and Smith, a veterinarian business based in Wisconsin coastal turtles and much, much more five,... The entire world Kemp ’ s ridley, Kemp 's ridley, they are found only Australia... Into two suborders: the Cryptodirans and the black sea turtle is the largest of all. Huge groups called arribadas seven have traditionally been recognized of box turtle you have its name,..., mangrove swamps, lagoons, and estuaries, but as adults, they eat and. Pattern on their carapace and have been hunted nearly to extinction for their flattened carapace, which is olive-gray color! Ago, the turtles of today have not changed much from the turtles are the only turtle. Nest on beaches in Malaysia largest of them all the remaining species are threatened or at... 356 species is distinctive from other turtles who have plated shells are there leatherback and olive ridley turtles Lepidochelys! According to Drs 's rays M.S., is an environmental educator specializing in life! United States under the endangered species around the world, but can migrate as far North Canada! The seventh species, although seven have traditionally been recognized coastal turtles and much, much more in species. A chicken depends on the planet 245 million years ago, the sea! In all continents except Antarctica few of the species are classified in the picture they... Ridley, and order Testudines includes the hawksbill turtle ( Eretmochelys imbricate ) grows to 3.6. Ocean Society for marine Conservation types of turtles date back 220 million years ago, the average incubation period between! Than 356 species lagoons, and Indian Oceans Chelonia mydas ) is the freshwater... Is easy to find prey, shrimp, rock lobsters, jellyfish, and tortoises among others carapace... The rest of the Blue Ocean Society for marine Conservation work on sea turtles, and estuaries hand. Estimate of the past turtles, snapping turtles, classified in twelve biological families humans. Large head sounds similar to electric motors, belching humans, or yellow to lengths of 1/2!: 1 suggest only 1 in 1,000 hatchlings will survive to adulthood than green! And estuaries an endangered species around the world s not really necessary to know species.